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Genome-wide association study identifies new multiple sclerosis susceptibility loci on chromosomes 12 and 20
To identify multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility loci, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 1,618 cases and used shared data for 3,413 controls. We performed replication in anExpand
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Analysis of promoters recognized by PvdS, an extracytoplasmic-function sigma factor protein from Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
The alternative sigma factor PvdS is required by Pseudomonas aeruginosa for initiation of transcription from pyoverdine (pvd) promoters. Two divergent PvdS-dependent promoters (pvdE and pvdF) wereExpand
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Characterisation of the pvdE gene which is required for pyoverdine synthesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) strain PAO synthesises a siderophore, pyoverdine (Pvd), when grown under conditions of iron starvation. Pvd consists of a dihydroxyquinoline group attached to anExpand
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Identification of a DNA sequence motif required for expression of iron-regulated genes in pseudomonads
Many bacteria respond to a lack of iron in the environment by synthesizing siderophores, which act as iron-scavenging compounds. Fluorescent pseudomonads synthesize strain-specific but chemicallyExpand
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CTLA-4 and multiple sclerosis: The A49G single nucleotide polymorphism shows no association with multiple sclerosis in a Southern Australian population
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disorder that causes inflammatory demyelination and axonal damage in the central nervous system (CNS). We have investigated whether the A49G singleExpand
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Involvement of a transformylase enzyme in siderophore synthesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Fluorescent pseudomonads produce yellow-green siderophores when grown under conditions of iron starvation. Here, the characterization of the pvdF gene, which is required for synthesis of theExpand
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Ankyrin-1 gene exhibits allelic heterogeneity in conferring protection against malaria
Allelic heterogeneity is a common phenomenon where a gene exhibit different phenotype depending on the nature of genetic mutations. In the context of genes affecting malaria susceptibility, itExpand
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Host Porphobilinogen Deaminase Deficiency Confers Malaria Resistance in Plasmodium chabaudi but Not in Plasmodium berghei or Plasmodium falciparum During Intraerythrocytic Growth
An important component in host resistance to malaria infection are inherited mutations that give rise to abnormalities and deficiencies in erythrocyte proteins and enzymes. Understanding how suchExpand
First Encounter: How Pathogens
Pathogenic organisms trigger numerous signaling pathways that ultimately lead to drastic changes in physiological functions. Apart from altering structure and function of the epithelial tightExpand
WITH KIDNEY DISEASE 1Wendy Hoy, 2Sudhir Jadhao, 2Arvind Jaya Shankar, 4Russell Thomson, 5John Duncan Mathews, 6,8Chirag Patel, 6,7,8Andrew Mallett, 9Brendan McMorran, 9Simon Foote and 2,3ShivashankarExpand