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Predation in Vertebrate Communities: The Bialowieza Primeval Forest as a Case Study
TLDR
The Bialowieza Primeval Forest - Abiotic conditions and Habitats and Predation Impact and Its Importance to Prey Populations are studied.
The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI): unforeseen successes in animal ecology
This review highlights the latest developments associated with the use of the Normal- ized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in ecology. Over the last decade, the NDVI has proven extremely useful in
A genome-wide perspective on the evolutionary history of enigmatic wolf-like canids.
TLDR
It is found that these enigmatic canids are highly admixed varieties derived from gray wolves and coyotes, respectively, and divergent genomic history suggests that they do not have a shared recent ancestry as proposed by previous researchers.
Rodent population dynamics in a primeval deciduous forest (Białowieża National Park) in relation to weather, seed crop, and predation
TLDR
Population dynamics of forest rodents, bank voles and yellow-necked mice Apodemus flavicollis were studied in 1959-1991 in the pristine mature forest dominated by hornbeam Carpinus betulus and oak Quercus robur in Bialowieza National Park.
Ecological factors influence population genetic structure of European grey wolves
TLDR
It is shown that wolf populations in Eastern Europe displayed nonrandom spatial genetic structure in the absence of obvious physical barriers to movement, and it is found that the genetic differentiation among local populations was correlated with climate, habitat types, and wolf diet composition.
Factors affecting carcass use by a guild of scavengers in European temperate woodland
TLDR
It is suggested that carrion use by scavengers is not random, but a complex process mediated by extrinsic factors and by behavioural adaptations of scavengers.
KILL RATES AND PREDATION BY WOLVES ON UNGULATE POPULATIONS IN BIAŁOWIEŻA PRIMEVAL FOREST (POLAND)
TLDR
Wolves limited deer numbers but did not regulate prey population, and wolf predation alone is a poor predictor of deer population dynamics, because deer are also subject to lynx (Lynx lynx) predation and hunting harvest.
Predation of Eurasian lynx on roe deer and red deer in Białowieża Primeval Forest, Poland
TLDR
Patterns of lynx Lynx lynx predation on ungulates were studied in the Polish part of Bialowieza Primeval Forest from scats and prey remains of lynX between 1985-1996, and radiotracking of 18 lynx between 1991-1996.
Spatial organization and demography of badgers (Meles meles) in Bialowieza Primeval Forest, Poland, and the influence of earthworms on badger densities in Europe
TLDR
It is proposed that the standing crop of biomass of earthworms (Lumbricus spp.), the main food of badger in a large part of their geographic range, and mean annual temperature are crucial factors shaping the densities of badgers in the European temperate and boreal zones.
Phylogeographic history of grey wolves in Europe
TLDR
It is found that haplotypes representing two haplogroups, 1 and 2, overlap geographically, but substantially differ in frequency between populations from south-western and eastern Europe, and suggests that these haplogroup frequency changes may suggest that they were associated with ecological changes occurring after the Last Glacial Maximum.
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