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The Identification, Conservation, and Management of Estuarine and Marine Nurseries for Fish and Invertebrates
Michael W. Beck, Kenneth L. Heck, Jr., Kenneth W. Able, Daniel L. Childers, David B. Eggleston, Bronwyn M. Gillanders, Benjamin Halpern, Cynthia G. Hays, Kaho Hoshino, Thomas J. Minello, Robert J.Expand
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A Global Map of Human Impact on Marine Ecosystems
The management and conservation of the world's oceans require synthesis of spatial data on the distribution and intensity of human activities and the overlap of their impacts on marine ecosystems. WeExpand
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Marine Ecoregions of the World: A Bioregionalization of Coastal and Shelf Areas
ABSTRACT The conservation and sustainable use of marine resources is a highlighted goal on a growing number of national and international policy agendas. Unfortunately, efforts to assess progress, asExpand
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Interactive and cumulative effects of multiple human stressors in marine systems.
Humans impact natural systems in a multitude of ways, yet the cumulative effect of multiple stressors on ecological communities remains largely unknown. Here we synthesized 171 studies thatExpand
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THE IMPACT OF MARINE RESERVES: DO RESERVES WORK AND DOES RESERVE SIZE MATTER?
Marine reserves are quickly gaining popularity as a management option for marine conservation, fisheries, and other human uses of the oceans. Despite the popularity of marine reserves as a managementExpand
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Response to Comments on "Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services"
We show that globally declining fisheries catch trends cannot be explained by random processes and are consistent with declining stock abundance trends. Future projections are inherently uncertainExpand
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Biological Effects Within No-Take Marine Reserves: A global Synthesis
The study and implementation of no-take marine reserves have increased rapidly over the past decade, providing ample data on the biological effects of reserve protection for a wide range ofExpand
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Global imprint of climate change on marine life
Research that combines all available studies of biological responses to regional and global climate change shows that 81–83% of all observations were consistent with the expected impacts of climateExpand
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A cross-ecosystem comparison of the strength of trophic cascades
Although trophic cascades (indirect effects of predators on plants via herbivores) occur in a wide variety of food webs, the magnitudes of their effects are often quite variable. We compared theExpand
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The Pace of Shifting Climate in Marine and Terrestrial Ecosystems
Ecologically relevant measures of contemporary global climate change can predict species distributions and vulnerabilities. Climate change challenges organisms to adapt or move to track changes inExpand
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