• Publications
  • Influence
Epidemiology of urinary tract infections: incidence, morbidity, and economic costs.
  • B. Foxman
  • Medicine
  • The American journal of medicine
  • 8 July 2002
TLDR
UTI elevates the risk of pyelonephritis, premature delivery, and fetal mortality among pregnant women, and is associated with impaired renal function and end-stage renal disease among pediatric patients, and the estimated annual cost of community-acquired UTI is significant, at approximately $1.6 billion. Expand
The epidemiology of urinary tract infection
  • B. Foxman
  • Medicine
  • Nature Reviews Urology
  • 1 December 2010
TLDR
Treatment of UTIs with antibiotics leads to a more rapid resolution of symptoms and is more likely to clear bacteriuria, but also selects for resistant uropathogens and commensal bacteria and adversely affects the gut and vaginal microbiota. Expand
Urinary tract infection: self-reported incidence and associated costs.
TLDR
If a vaccine were developed that would prevent either initial or recurrent UTI the net benefits to society would be substantial, even at a developmental cost of one billion dollars. Expand
Vulvovaginal candidiasis: epidemiologic, diagnostic, and therapeutic considerations.
Although it is the second most common vaginal infection in North America, vulvovaginal candidiasis is a non-notifiable disease and has been excluded from the ranks of sexually transmitted diseases.Expand
Urinary tract infection syndromes: occurrence, recurrence, bacteriology, risk factors, and disease burden.
  • B. Foxman
  • Medicine
  • Infectious disease clinics of North America
  • 1 March 2014
TLDR
The major UTI syndromes, their occurrence and recurrence, bacteriology, risk factors, and disease burden are defined. Expand
The role of horizontal gene transfer in the spread of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance among uropathogenic Escherichia coli in Europe and Canada.
TLDR
Horizontal gene transfer plays a larger role than clonal expansion in the increase of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance levels in Europe and Canada. Expand
Epidemiology of urinary tract infections: transmission and risk factors, incidence, and costs.
TLDR
The potential impact of antibiotic treatment on the emergence of increasingly antibiotic-resistant UPEC (the resistant mechanisms that may be transmitted to other bowel inhabitants) is high and the benefits of successfully preventing UTI are substantial. Expand
Recurring urinary tract infection: incidence and risk factors.
  • B. Foxman
  • Medicine
  • American journal of public health
  • 1 March 1990
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common infection among young women, with a high recurrence rate. This study documents the six-month incidence of second UTI among a cohort of women with one initialExpand
Lactation mastitis: occurrence and medical management among 946 breastfeeding women in the United States.
TLDR
Feeding fewer than 10 times per day was protective regardless of whether or not feeding frequency in the same week or the week before mastitis was included in the model, and duration of feeding was not associated with mastitis risk. Expand
Virulence characteristics of Escherichia coli causing first urinary tract infection predict risk of second infection.
TLDR
Three virulence factors were associated with a significantly lower risk of second UTI: cytotoxic necrotizing factor, hemolysin, and S fimbrial adhesin, and Dr binding, which were apparently the same. Expand
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