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Standards of Evidence: Criteria for Efficacy, Effectiveness and Dissemination
Ever increasing demands for accountability, together with the proliferation of lists of evidence-based prevention programs and policies, led the Society for Prevention Research to charge a committeeExpand
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Reviewing theories of adolescent substance use: organizing pieces in the puzzle.
This article reviews 14 multivariate theories of experimental substance use (e.g., alcohol and marijuana use) among adolescents, including those theories that emphasize (a) substance-specificExpand
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Efficacy and effectiveness trials (and other phases of research) in the development of health promotion programs.
  • B. Flay
  • Medicine
  • Preventive medicine
  • 1 September 1986
The concepts of efficacy and effectiveness are examined from the viewpoints of the traditions and philosophies of health-care research and social program evaluation. Consideration of the status ofExpand
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Why children start smoking cigarettes: predictors of onset.
We review findings from 27 prospective studies of the onset of cigarette smoking conducted since 1980. Almost 300 measures of predictors of smoking onset were examined, and 74% of them providedExpand
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Some theories of health behavior focus on proximal cognitive predictors of behavior, some focus on expectancy-value formulations, some focus on social support and bonding processes, some focus onExpand
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Differential influence of parental smoking and friends' smoking on adolescent initiation and escalation of smoking.
  • B. Flay, F. Hu, +5 authors S. Sussman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of health and social behavior
  • 1 September 1994
Smoking-related behaviors and attitudes of significant others (especially friends and parents) are among the most consistent predictors of adolescent smoking. However, theorists remain divided onExpand
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Comparison of population-averaged and subject-specific approaches for analyzing repeated binary outcomes.
We show how GEE models relate to stratified analysis and standard logistic models, and how random-effects models can be used to estimate subject-specific effects. Expand
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Psychosocial predictors of different stages of cigarette smoking among high school students.
BACKGROUND Current research on the etiology of cigarette smoking has largely focused on the identification of psychosocial predictors of tobacco onset. Few data are available on the predictors ofExpand
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Positive youth development requires comprehensive health promotion programs.
  • B. Flay
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • American journal of health behavior
  • 1 November 2002
OBJECTIVE To explore relationships among problem and positive youth behaviors, commonalities among their predictors, and implications for prevention. METHODS Review etiology and preventionExpand
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