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Selective expression of the chemokine receptor XCR1 on cross-presenting dendritic cells determines cooperation with CD8+ T cells.
The expression of the chemokine receptor XCR1 and the function of its ligand XCL1 (otherwise referred to as ATAC, lymphotactin, or SCM-1) remained elusive to date. In the present report weExpand
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Recognition of a virus-encoded ligand by a natural killer cell activation receptor
Natural killer (NK) cells express inhibitory and activation receptors that recognize MHC class I-like molecules on target cells. These receptors may be involved in the critical role of NK cells inExpand
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Ricinus communis Intoxications in Human and Veterinary Medicine-A Summary of Real Cases
Accidental and intended Ricinus communis intoxications in humans and animals have been known for centuries but the causative agent remained elusive until 1888 when Stillmark attributed the toxicityExpand
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Cutting Edge: IFN-Producing Cells Respond to CXCR3 Ligands in the Presence of CXCL12 and Secrete Inflammatory Chemokines upon Activation1
Human natural IFN-producing cells (IPC) circulate in the blood and cluster in chronically inflamed lymph nodes around high endothelial venules (HEV). Although L-selectin, CXCR4, and CCR7 areExpand
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MIP-1α, MIP-1β, RANTES, and ATAC/lymphotactin function together with IFN-γ as type 1 cytokines
We analyzed for the first time the expression of chemokines in subpopulations of the murine immune system at the single-cell level. We demonstrate in vitro and in a model of murine listeriosis thatExpand
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ICOS and CD28 reversely regulate IL‐10 on re‐activation of human effector T cells with mature dendritic cells
With newly generated ICOS‐ligand (ICOS‐L)‐specific monoclonal antibodies we determined that human Langerhans cells in situ express similar levels of ICOS‐L, CD80, and CD86, compared to immatureExpand
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Coordinate Expression of Cytokines and Chemokines by NK Cells during Murine Cytomegalovirus Infection1
Cytokines and chemokines activate and direct effector cells during infection. We previously identified a functional group of five cytokines and chemokines, namely, IFN-γ, activation-induced TExpand
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Historical Perspectives and Guidelines for Botulinum Neurotoxin Subtype Nomenclature
Botulinum neurotoxins are diverse proteins. They are currently represented by at least seven serotypes and more than 40 subtypes. New clostridial strains that produce novel neurotoxin variants areExpand
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Neutrophil Influx in Response to a Peritoneal Infection with Salmonella Is Delayed in Lipopolysaccharide-Binding Protein or CD14-Deficient Mice1
The induction of an adaptive immune response to a previously unencountered pathogen is a time-consuming process and initially the infection must be held in check by the innate immune system. In theExpand
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Simultaneous quantification of five bacterial and plant toxins from complex matrices using a multiplexed fluorescent magnetic suspension assay.
Proteotoxins such as ricin, abrin, botulinum neurotoxins type A and B (BoNT/A, BoNT/B) and staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) are regarded as potential biological warfare agents which could be usedExpand
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