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Incidence and Economic Burden of Osteoporosis‐Related Fractures in the United States, 2005–2025
This study predicts the burden of incident osteoporosis‐related fractures and costs in the United States, by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, and fracture type, from 2005 to 2025. Total fractures wereExpand
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Estimation of optimal serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D for multiple health outcomes.
Recent evidence suggests that vitamin D intakes above current recommendations may be associated with better health outcomes. However, optimal serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]Expand
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The role of vitamin D and calcium in type 2 diabetes. A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONTEXT Altered vitamin D and calcium homeostasis may play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION AND ANALYSES: MEDLINE review was conducted throughExpand
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Fracture prevention with vitamin D supplementation: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
CONTEXT The role and dose of oral vitamin D supplementation in nonvertebral fracture prevention have not been well established. OBJECTIVE To estimate the effectiveness of vitamin D supplementationExpand
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The Recent Prevalence of Osteoporosis and Low Bone Mass in the United States Based on Bone Mineral Density at the Femoral Neck or Lumbar Spine
The goal of our study was to estimate the prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass based on bone mineral density (BMD) at the femoral neck and the lumbar spine in adults 50 years and older in theExpand
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Effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on bone density in men and women 65 years of age or older.
BACKGROUND Inadequate dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D may contribute to the high prevalence of osteoporosis among older persons. METHODS We studied the effects of three years of dietaryExpand
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Estimates of optimal vitamin D status
Vitamin D has captured attention as an important determinant of bone health, but there is no common definition of optimal vitamin D status. Herein, we address the question: What is the optimalExpand
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Interim Report and Recommendations of the World Health Organization Task-Force for Osteoporosis
Harry K. Genant (Chairman) , Cyrus Cooper (Rapporteur) , Gyula Poor (Rapporteur) , Ian Reid (Rapporteur) , George Ehrlich (Editor), J. Kanis (Editor), B. E. Christopher Nordin (Editor), Elizabet hExpand
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Global vitamin D status and determinants of hypovitaminosis D
SummaryThis review describes the vitamin D status in different regions of the world with the objective of understanding the scope of hypovitaminosis D and the factors related to its prevalence thatExpand
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Vitamin D and calcium intake in relation to type 2 diabetes in women.
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to prospectively examine the association between vitamin D and calcium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In the Nurses' HealthExpand
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