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How biotech can transform biofuels
For cellulosic ethanol to become a reality, biotechnological solutions should focus on optimizing the conversion of biomass to sugars.
Deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass to fuels and chemicals.
This work focuses on overcoming recalcitrance with biochemical conversion, which uses low-severity thermochemical pretreatment followed by enzymatic hydrolysis to produce soluble sugars.
Pretreatment of switchgrass by ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX)
The effects of ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) pretreatment of switch grass using its major process variables are reported and hydrolysis results of AFEX-treated and untreated samples showed 93% vs 16% glucan conversion, respectively.
Comparative sugar recovery and fermentation data following pretreatment of poplar wood by leading technologies
Results showed that poplar was more recalcitrant to conversion to sugars and that sugar yields from the combined operations of pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis varied more among pretreatments.
Multi-scale visualization and characterization of lignocellulosic plant cell wall deconstruction during thermochemical pretreatment
Deconstruction of lignocellulosic plant cell walls to fermentable sugars by thermochemical and/or biological means is impeded by several poorly understood ultrastructural and chemical barriers. A
Life cycle assessment of corn grain and corn stover in the United States
Background, aim, and scopeThe goal of this study is to estimate the county-level environmental performance for continuous corn cultivation of corn grain and corn stover grown under the current