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Hygromorphic materials for sustainable responsive architecture
The possibility of adaptive building systems based on incorporation of hygromorphic materials are explored and it is argued that they present opportunities for architecture that is passively attuned to the variable natural rhythms of the internal and external environments, and that addresses a wide range of sustainability considerations. Expand
Form and function: the significance of material properties in the design of tensile fabric structures
Abstract Coated woven fabrics have been used in state-of-the-art structures for over 40 years yet their design is not codified and relies heavily on experience and precedent. The mechanical behaviourExpand
Shear behaviour of architectural fabrics subjected to biaxial tensile loads
Abstract Broad assumptions are made in the testing and simulation of architectural fabrics used for tensile fabric structures. In particular, fabric shear behaviour is poorly understood and is notExpand
Direct stress-strain representation for coated woven fabrics
Abstract An understanding of the complex behaviour of coated woven fabrics is vital for the design of state-of-the-art fabric structures. Fabric behaviour is typically defined using elastic constantsExpand
Material Testing & Computational Mechanics — A New Philosophy for Architectural Fabrics
A new approach to incorporating fabric test data in structural analysis is proposed here: Use of direct correlation between pairs of stresses and strains to avoid the inherent approximation in defining elastic constants or other parameters to quantify the fabric behaviour. Expand
Analysis and design of membrane structures: Results of a round robin exercise
The results show very high levels of variability in terms of stresses, displacements, reactions and material design strengths, and highlight the need for future work to harmonise analysis methods and provide validation and benchmarking for membrane analysis software. Expand
A mechanistic Individual-based Model of microbial communities
A flexible IbM that can robustly combine the biological, chemical and physical processes that dictate the emergent properties of a wide range of bacterial communities is developed by creating a microbiological adaptation of the open source Large-scale Atomic/Molecular Massively Parallel Simulator (LAMMPS). Expand
Single product, multi-lifetime components: challenges for product- service system development
The rapid turnover in consumer electronics, fuelled by increased global consumption, has resulted in negative environmental and social consequences. Consumer electronics are typically disposed ofExpand
Inter-laboratory comparison of biaxial tests for architectural textiles
Architectural fabrics are used in high-profile tensile structures worldwide, and the accurate determination of fabric material properties is vital to achieve safe, efficient designs. There areExpand