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Microbial biogeography: putting microorganisms on the map
TLDR
Current evidence confirms that, as proposed by the Baas-Becking hypothesis, 'the environment selects' and is, in part, responsible for spatial variation in microbial diversity, but recent studies also dispute the idea that 'everything is everywhere'. Expand
Counting the Uncountable: Statistical Approaches to Estimating Microbial Diversity
TLDR
New genetic techniques have revealed extensive microbial diversity that was previously undetected with culture-dependent methods and morphological methods, which have revealed how well a sample reflects a community's “true” diversity. Expand
Local dispersal promotes biodiversity in a real-life game of rock–paper–scissors
TLDR
It is found that diversity is rapidly lost in the experimental community when dispersal and interaction occur over relatively large spatial scales, whereas all populations coexist when ecological processes are localized. Expand
A taxa–area relationship for bacteria
TLDR
It was found that bacterial communities located close together were more similar in composition than communities located farther apart, and the decay of community similarity with distance was used to show that bacteria can exhibit a taxa–area relationship. Expand
The Application of Ecological Theory Toward an Understanding of the Human Microbiome
TLDR
This work explores three core scenarios of human microbiome assembly: development in infants, representing assembly in previously unoccupied habitats; recovery from antibiotics, representingassembly after disturbance; and invasion by pathogens, representingAssembly in the context of invasive species. Expand
The role of ecological theory in microbial ecology
TLDR
It is argued that the full potential of the ongoing revolution in microbial ecology will not be realized if research is not directed and driven by theory, and that the generality of established ecological theory must be tested using microbial systems. Expand
Linking genetic change to community evolution: insights from studies of bacteria and bacteriophage
TLDR
This article focuses on the ecology and evolution of bacteriophage-resistance as a case study demonstrating the relationship between specific genes, individual interactions, population dynamics, community structure, and evolutionary change. Expand
The Competitive Cost of Antibiotic Resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis
TLDR
It is demonstrated that prolonged patient treatment can result in multidrug-resistant strains with no fitness defect and that strains with low- or no-cost resistance mutations are also the most frequent among clinical isolates. Expand
Spatial scaling of microbial biodiversity.
TLDR
Current knowledge of microbial diversity at local and global scales is discussed, focusing on three spatial patterns: the distance-decay relationship, the taxa-area relationship, and the local:global taxa richness ratio. Expand
Microbial Biogeography: From Taxonomy to Traits
TLDR
It is anticipated that as trait-based biogeography continues to evolve, micro- and macroorganisms will be studied in concert, establishing a science that is informed by and relevant to all domains of life. Expand
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