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Comprehension of human pointing gestures in young human-reared wolves (Canis lupus) and dogs (Canis familiaris)
TLDR
Wolves can reach the level of dogs in their success of following momentary distal pointing in parallel with improving their readiness to form eye-contact with a human experimenter during several months of formal training.
The effect of development and individual differences in pointing comprehension of dogs
TLDR
The results, analyzed at both the group and the individual levels, showed no difference in the performance according to age, indicating that in dogs the comprehension of the human pointing may require only very limited and rapid early learning to fully develop.
Explaining Dog Wolf Differences in Utilizing Human Pointing Gestures: Selection for Synergistic Shifts in the Development of Some Social Skills
TLDR
Evidence is provided for the first time that socialised adult wolves are as successful in relying on distal momentary pointing as adult pet dogs, however, the delayed emergence of utilising human distal Momentary pointing in wolves shows that these wild canines react to a lesser degree to intensive socialisation in contrast to dogs, which are able to control agonistic behaviours and inhibition of actions in a food related task early in development.
Correction: Explaining Dog Wolf Differences in Utilizing Human Pointing Gestures: Selection for Synergistic Shifts in the Development of Some Social Skills
TLDR
To reconcile previously contradicting views on the origin of dogs' outstanding performance in utilizing human gestures, it is suggested that dog-wolf differences should be studied in a more complex way.
Myotonic dystrophy in two European grey wolves (Canis lupus).
TLDR
Two related European Grey wolves with the history of muscle stiffness beginning at 2 weeks of age were examined and a disorder very similar to a human form of myotonic dystrophy was suggested, which is the first description of myOTonic Dystrophy in wolves.