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Randomized, Controlled Intervention Trial of Male Circumcision for Reduction of HIV Infection Risk: The ANRS 1265 Trial
Background Observational studies suggest that male circumcision may provide protection against HIV-1 infection. A randomized, controlled intervention trial was conducted in a general population ofExpand
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The Potential Impact of Male Circumcision on HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa
Background A randomized controlled trial (RCT) has shown that male circumcision (MC) reduces sexual transmission of HIV from women to men by 60% (32%−76%; 95% CI) offering an intervention of provenExpand
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Why do young women have a much higher prevalence of HIV than young men? A study in Kisumu, Kenya and Ndola, Zambia
Objective: To examine the factors responsible for the disparity in HIV prevalence between young men and women in two urban populations in Africa with high HIV prevalence. Design: Cross-sectionalExpand
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Ecological and individual level analysis of risk factors for HIV infection in four urban populations in sub-Saharan Africa with different levels of HIV infection
Objective: To identify factors that could explain differences in rate of spread of HIV between different regions in sub-Saharan Africa. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: The study took place inExpand
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HIV infection among youth in a South African mining town is associated with herpes simplex virus-2 seropositivity and sexual behaviour
ObjectivesTo determine the seroprevalence of HIV and herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) by age and gender among young people aged 14-24 years in a South African town and to identify risk factors for HIVExpand
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Cost-Effectiveness of Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in a South African Setting
Background Consistent with observational studies, a randomized controlled intervention trial of adult male circumcision (MC) conducted in the general population in Orange Farm (OF) (Gauteng Province,Expand
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Multicentre study on factors determining differences in rate of spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: methods and prevalence of HIV infection
Objective: The objective of this study was to explore whether the differences in rate of spread of HIV in different regions in sub-Saharan Africa could be explained by differences in sexual behaviourExpand
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Effect of male circumcision on the prevalence of high-risk human papillomavirus in young men: results of a randomized controlled trial conducted in Orange Farm, South Africa.
BACKGROUND A causal association links high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and cervical cancer, which is a major public health problem. The objective of the present study was to investigate theExpand
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Potential for an intervention based on male circumcision in a South African town with high levels of HIV infection
The study aims to investigate the potential for an intervention based on male circumcision in a South African town with a high level of HIV infection. It draws on two cross-sectional studiesExpand
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Prognosis of biliary atresia in the era of liver transplantation: French national study from 1986 to 1996
Since the sequential treatment of Kasai operation with or without liver transplantation became available, the overall prognosis of biliary atresia remains unclear. This study examined the prognosticExpand
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