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Intestinal mucosal immune system is an early target for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, resulting in CD4(+) T-cell depletion, deterioration of gut lining, and fecal microbiota composition. We evaluated the effects of a prebiotic oligosaccharide mixture in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-naive HIV-1-infected adults. In a(More)
During chemo- and radiation therapy, the balance between epithelial cell proliferation, differentiation, and cell death at the villus tip is disrupted by premature death of dividing epithelial cells. This will subsequently lead to the onset of mucosal barrier injury in the whole gastrointestinal tract. Up till now there is no validated method to treat side(More)
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