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In current Bordetella pertussis media ammonium accumulates because of an imbalance in the nitrogen:carbon ratio of the substrates used, which is one of the factors limiting cell density in fed-batch cultures. The aim of this study was to map B. pertussis catabolic and anabolic capabilities, in order to design a medium that avoids ammonium accumulation,(More)
Two genes homologous to lpxL and lpxM from Escherichia coli and other gram-negative bacteria, which are involved in lipid A acyloxyacylation, were identified in Neisseria meningitidis strain H44/76 and insertionally inactivated. Analysis by tandem mass spectrometry showed that one of the resulting mutants, termed lpxL1, makes lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with(More)
BACKGROUND Adherence to protease inhibitor-containing antiretroviral therapy is crucial, but difficult to measure. OBJECTIVE To compare and combine various methods of measuring adherence to the strict protease inhibitor-containing regimens. METHODS The following methods were used: medication event monitoring system (MEMS) caps (electronic monitoring),(More)
In the pathogen Neisseria meningitidis, a completely lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-deficient but viable mutant can be obtained by insertional inactivation of the lpxA gene, encoding UDP-GlcNAc acyltransferase required for the first step of lipid A biosynthesis. To study how outer membrane structure and biogenesis are affected by the absence of this normally(More)
Neisseria meningitidis is a human pathogen that can infect diverse sites within the human host. The major diseases caused by N. meningitidis are responsible for death and disability, especially in young infants. In general, most of the recent work on N. meningitidis focuses on potential antigens and their functions, immunogenicity, and pathogenicity(More)
The structure of unknown compounds present in herbal products was elucidated using liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry, direct-infusion electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance. Compounds 1-3 were identified as sildenafil analogues, 1 bearing an N-ethylpiperazine moiety instead of an(More)
Neisseria meningitidis is a human pathogen that can infect diverse sites within the human host. The major diseases caused by N. meningitidis are responsible for death and disability, especially in young infants. At the Netherlands Vaccine Institute (NVI) a vaccine against serogroup B organisms is currently being developed. This study describes the influence(More)
β-Propiolactone is often applied for inactivation of viruses and preparation of viral vaccines. However, the exact nature of the reactions of β-propiolactone with viral components is largely unknown. The purpose of the current study was to elucidate the chemical modifications occurring on nucleotides and amino acid residues caused by β-propiolactone.(More)
The use of detergent-extracted outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) is an established approach for development of a multivalent PorA vaccine against N. meningitidis serogroup B. Selective removal of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) decreases toxicity, but promotes aggregation and narrows the immune response. Detergent-free OMV vaccines retain all LPS, which preserves the(More)