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Glucocorticoids (GCS) inhibit the transcription of multiple activation-associated cytokine genes. By Northern blot analysis now we demonstrate that antiproliferative concentrations of dexamethasone and 6 alpha-methylprednisolone block mitogen-induced IL-2 gene expression in human peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes in a concentration-dependent fashion.(More)
The etiology of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) remains enigmatic. Infiltrating intestinal macrophages are capable of producing the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), and interleukin-6 (IL-6). We investigated the presence of IL-6, TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta mRNA transcripts in(More)
Under an immunosuppressive therapy after renal transplantation there is an increased risk of acquiring infections with a possible lethal outcome. On the basis of 4 cases it is shown that invasive diagnostic procedures are indicated when the primary noninvasive methods and therapeutical trials are unsuccessful. Early and consequent therapy of severe(More)
The mode of action of glucocorticosteroids as immunosuppressive and antiinflammatory agents is not fully understood. Glucocorticosteroids block synthesis of interleukin 1 by interfering with the transcription of the IL-1 beta gene. Glucocorticosteroids may also induce rapid degradation of IL-1 mRNA. In the presence of antigen, IL-1 is a potent(More)
C3a and its C-terminal hexapeptide lead to a dose dependent release of biogenic amines and nucleotides stored in platelet's granules. The release reaction can be measured by tritiated serotonin or by ATP, indicated by an ATP specific bioluminescence assay. We tested the capability of C3a to induce aggregation of washed platelets. The recently described(More)
Central to the immunosuppressive properties of cyclosporine is a drug imposed blockade of the interleukin-2 gene activation. As IL-6 stimulates antigen-activated T cells to release IL-2, we examined the influence of CsA on IL-6 gene expression and IL-6-supported T cell proliferation. Northern blot analysis revealed that CsA failed to abolish IL-6 gene(More)
BACKGROUND The currently used macrolide immunosuppressants, i.e., cyclosporine and tacrolimus, exert considerable nephrotoxicity. We aimed to avoid the nephrotoxic effects by applying a cyclosporine-free regimen for the induction as well as for the maintenance treatment of renal allograft recipients using mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) as the primary(More)
Allo-MHC specific antigen recognition might not only be involved in acute, but also in chronic rejection. The clonotypic specificity of the T-cell receptor to recognize all-MHC is located in the variable (V) alpha and beta chain. A restricted T-cell receptor repertoire could support an immunological basis for chronic rejection. The novel feature of this(More)
Calcium channel-blocking agents interfere with the initial increase of cytosolic calcium that follows mitogenic stimulation of T lymphocytes. In cultures of mitogen-stimulated PBMC, verapamil also blocked T cell accumulation of cytoplasmic IL-2-encoding mRNA. In sharp contrast, the addition of verapamil to PHA and PMA-stimulated PBMC augmented the(More)