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The mode of action of glucocorticosteroids as immunosuppressive and antiinflammatory agents is not fully understood. Glucocorticosteroids block synthesis of interleukin 1 by interfering with the transcription of the IL-1 beta gene. Glucocorticosteroids may also induce rapid degradation of IL-1 mRNA. In the presence of antigen, IL-1 is a potent(More)
The etiology of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) remains enigmatic. Infiltrating intestinal macrophages are capable of producing the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), and interleukin-6 (IL-6). We investigated the presence of IL-6, TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta mRNA transcripts in(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCS) inhibit the transcription of multiple activation-associated cytokine genes. By Northern blot analysis now we demonstrate that antiproliferative concentrations of dexamethasone and 6 alpha-methylprednisolone block mitogen-induced IL-2 gene expression in human peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes in a concentration-dependent fashion.(More)
Calcium channel-blocking agents interfere with the initial increase of cytosolic calcium that follows mitogenic stimulation of T lymphocytes. In cultures of mitogen-stimulated PBMC, verapamil also blocked T cell accumulation of cytoplasmic IL-2-encoding mRNA. In sharp contrast, the addition of verapamil to PHA and PMA-stimulated PBMC augmented the(More)
The interleukin 2-diphtheria toxin-related fusion protein (IL-2-toxin) rapidly inhibits protein synthesis in IL-2 receptor (IL-2R)-bearing phytohemagglutinin-activated T cells but transiently stimulates DNA synthesis. At 7 hr after interaction with IL-2R+ phytohemagglutinin-activated T cells, IL-2-toxin-treated cells bear augmented steady-state levels of(More)
Fourteen days after renal transplantation, at first gave with good transplant function, a 36-year-old woman developed neurogenic dysfunction of bladder emptying. This was treated with baclofen, 5 mg three times daily by mouth. Between the 7th and 10th treatment day she progressively developed an organic psychotic syndrome and increasing respiratory(More)
In this study, the effect of verapamil, a phenylalkylamine-type Ca2+ antagonist, upon the activation of human mononuclear cells was investigated and a detailed analysis of the kinetics and dose related effects of verapamil upon alloreactive cytotoxic T-cells (CTL) was undertaken. Verapamil suppressed the release of interleukin-2, proliferation and(More)
The biologic activity of the anaphylatoxic peptides C5a and C3a is regulated efficiently at the target-cell level by the phenomenon of desensitization. Desensitization of platelets is stimulus specific and can be induced by low concentrations of anaphylatoxins without any preceding secretory event. In contrast to activation to secretion, desensitization is(More)