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In contrast to a mutant adhesin-deficient Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus), its isogenic parental strain binds to human keratinocytes and promotes a vigorous proinflammatory response, characterized by enhanced expression of several cytokines, a more rapid release of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and damage to keratinocyte membranes. However,(More)
The gram-positive bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus) is the causative agent of a wide variety of suppurative infections of cutaneous tissues. Previous analyses have demonstrated that the M protein of S. pyogenes is an adhesin that directs the attachment of the streptococcus to keratinocytes in the skin. In this study, we have examined(More)
This study was aimed to investigate the effects of arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) and/or transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1)on cell apoptosis and the changes of P27(Kip1), cyclin E and endogenous TGF-beta1 mRNA levels in NB4 cells. As(2)O(3) cytotoxicity to NB4 cells and the IC(50) were assayed with MTT, the apoptotic morphological changes were(More)
The aim of study was to investigate the effects of arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) on cell cycle and apoptosis of APL cells, as well as changes of P27(Kip1), endogenous TGF-beta1, cyclin E and bcl-2, and to explore the relationship between expression of P27(Kip1) and apoptosis induced by As(2)O(3). The apoptosis and cell cycle changes of APL cells treated with(More)
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