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BACKGROUND Cerebral microbleeds, which result from microangiopathic changes following chronic hypertension, may reflect bleeding-prone microangiopathy. However, the distribution of these lesions has not been compared with that of lacunes, which represent occlusive type microangiopathy. OBJECTIVES To compare the cerebral distribution of microbleeds and(More)
BACKGROUND Silent brain infarctions (SBIs), leukoaraiosis (LA), and microbleeds (MBs) are ischaemic silent radiologic abnormalities that act as predictors of subsequent strokes. This study investigated the independent effect of silent radiologic abnormalities on initial stroke severity and short-term outcome. METHODS A consecutive series of patients who(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) before subsequent prolonged ischemia is considered an emerging endogenous means of ischemic brain protection. We tested whether IPC induces endogenous neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and angiogenesis in the peri-ischemic area. Middle cerebral artery occlusion was administered to rats by filament insertion for 10(More)
In four patients with rotational vertebral artery syndrome (RVAS), the initial nystagmus was mostly downbeat, with the horizontal and torsional components beating toward the compressed vertebral artery side (n = 3) or directed away (n = 1). Three patients showed spontaneous reversal of the nystagmus and two exhibited no or markedly diminished responses on(More)
BACKGROUND The ability to predict poor outcome is important for patient care and treatment decision-making in cases of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Previous studies have included relatively brief follow-up periods and small numbers of patients, and are limited in terms of considerations regarding individual brain vulnerabilities. METHODS The authors(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are indicative of hemorrhage-prone microangiopathy and known to be closely associated with chronic hypertension. However, no studies have been undertaken on the association between left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and the severity of CMB. METHODS One hundred two consecutive stroke patients with hypertension were(More)
BACKGROUND Although the critical role of alkaline phosphatase in bone mineralization is clearly understood, the potentially adverse effect of high alkaline phosphatase levels on the cardiovascular system was only recently suggested. In this study, we hypothesized that increased levels of serum alkaline phosphatase may be associated with poor outcome after(More)
In 20 consecutive patients with isolated medial medullary infarction, abnormal ocular motor findings included nystagmus (n = 8), ocular contrapulsion (n = 5), and contralesional ocular tilt reaction (n = 2). The nystagmus was ipsilesional (n = 4), gaze-evoked (n = 5), upbeating (n = 4), and hemiseesaw (n = 1). The ocular motor abnormalities may be explained(More)
BACKGROUND The paradoxical phenomenon of relative longevity among obese patients with established diseases has been reported for various disease conditions. The authors sought to investigate whether the obesity paradox also applies to intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) survivors. METHODS A total of 1,604 patients with ICH from 33 centers with nationwide(More)
OBJECTIVE In addition to the mood-stabilizing effects of lithium in patients with bipolar disorder, recent in vitro and in vivo studies in rodents increasingly implicate that lithium may be useful for treating acute cerebral ischemia, neuroinflammatory conditions, and chronic neurodegenerative diseases. However, whether lithium has a protective effect(More)