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BACKGROUND Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) is a rare disorder characterized by short episodes of involuntary movement attacks triggered by sudden voluntary movements. Although a genetic basis is suspected in idiopathic cases, the gene has not been discovered. Establishing strict diagnostic criteria will help genetic studies. METHODS The authors(More)
OBJECTIVE To clinically characterize affected individuals in families with paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD), examine the association with infantile convulsions, and confirm linkage to a pericentromeric chromosome 16 locus. BACKGROUND PKD is characterized by frequent, recurrent attacks of involuntary movement or posturing in response to sudden(More)
Multiple sulfatase deficiency is an inherited disorder characterized by a deficiency of several sulfatases and the accumulation of sulfatides, glycosaminoglycans, sphingolipids, and steroid sulfates in tissues and body fluids. The clinical manifestations represent the summation of two diseases: late infantile metachromatic leukodystrophy and(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) refers to a disease entity in which polyglutamine aggregates are over-produced in Purkinje cells (PCs) of the cerebellum as well as other neurons in the central nervous system, and the formation of intracellular polyglutamine aggregates result in the loss of neurons as well as deterioration of motor functions. So far there is no(More)
Analysis of the neurologic symptomatology in 22 patients with Niemann-Pick disease type C revealed 3 phenotypes: (1) an early-onset, rapidly progressive form associated with severe hepatic dysfunction and psychomotor delay during infancy and later with supranuclear vertical gaze paresis, ataxia, marked spasticity, and dementia; (2) a delayed-onset, slowly(More)
The GAA triplet repeat expansion that causes Friedreich ataxia is found only in individuals of European, North African, Middle Eastern, or Indian origin (Indo-European and Afro-Asiatic speakers). Analysis of normal alleles of the GAA repeat and of closely linked markers suggests that expansions arose through a unique two-step process. A major implication of(More)
A genetic analysis identified 2 patients, approximately one-tenth of our patients with familial parkinsonism, who had expanded trinucleotide repeats in SCA2 genes. The reduction of 18F-dopa distribution in both the putamen and caudate nuclei confirmed that the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system was involved in parkinsonian patients with SCA2 mutation.
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder originally described in families of Portuguese-Azorean ancestry. The cloning of the MJD1 gene allowed identification of the disease in many other populations, and MJD is now known to be the most common cause of dominant spinocerebellar ataxia. The hypothesis that its present(More)
  • B W Soong
  • Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za…
  • 2004
The autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxias (ADSCA) are a group of late-onset neurodegenerative disorders. Since the elucidation of the genetic basis of these disorders, the clinical term ADSCA has been replaced by that of spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs). In most families with SCA, progressive ataxia is not an isolated symptom but occurs in combination(More)
The pathological hallmarks of Prion disease are cortical spongiform changes and neuronal loss, which are induced by the accumulation of the scrapie-isoform prion protein (PrP(Sc)). PrP(Sc) is derived from a post-translational modification of the cellular form of prion protein (PrP(C)). Heat-shock proteins, a group of molecular chaperones, are involved in(More)