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The effect of acute physical exercise on insulin sensitivity and responsiveness of glucose uptake and hepatic glucose production was studied. Seven untrained men were subjected to four sequential euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamps after rest (R), immediately after exercise (E), as well as 48 h after 60 min of 150 W ergometer exercise (ER). Insulin-mediated(More)
Physical training decreases glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. To further explore the influence of the level of daily physical activity on beta-cell secretion, the effect of 7 days of bed rest was studied in six young, healthy men by sequential hyperglycemic clamp technique (7, 11, and 20 mM glucose, each step lasting 90 min). At 11 and 20 mM glucose,(More)
UNLABELLED We studied the effect of training and detraining on the dose-response relationship between plasma glucose and beta-cell secretion in seven trained young men using sequential hyperglycemic clamp technique (7, 11, and 20 mM). Experiments were performed in the habitual state 15 h after last training session (T) as well as after 5 days of detraining(More)
Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is depressed by training. To further elucidate the beta-cell adaptation to training, a nonglucose secretagogue was applied. Arginine was infused for 90 min to seven trained and seven untrained young men. Arginine and glucose concentrations increased identically in the groups. The insulin response was biphasic and waned(More)
Kidney function was studied in nine, metabolically well controlled, short-term insulin-dependent male diabetics before and during glucagon infusion of 4 to 5 and 8 to 10 ng/kg/min. Glomerular filtration rate, effective renal plasma flow (steadystate infusion technique, with urinary collections, using 125I-iothalamate and 131I-iodohippurate), and urinary(More)
Eight athletes (T), studied the third morning after the last exercise session, and seven sedentary males (C) (maximal O2 consumption 65 +/- 4 vs. 49 +/- 4 (SE) ml X kg-1 X min-1, for T and C men, respectively) had insulin infused until plasma glucose, at an insulin level of 1,600 pmol X l-1, was 1.9 mmol X l-1. Glucose turnover was determined by primed(More)
GFR, RPF, and kidney size were measured in nine young recently diagnosed insulin-dependent diabetics before (days 0) and 3 and 8 days after the beginning of the initial insulin treatment and in comparable control subjects. Kidney function was measured by a constant infusion technique using I-125-iothalamate and 131-I-hippuran. Kidney size was determined by(More)
In a 3 yr prospective epidemiological study of 227 insulin-treated diabetics the clinical value of fasting C-peptide measurements for discriminating between insulin dependence and non-insulin dependence was assessed. A significant difference (p less than 0.01) in fasting C-peptide secretion was found between diabetics with an early onset age (less than 30(More)
Essential fatty acid (EFA) deficiency in rat causes severe degeneration of spermatogenic tissue. Previously it was shown that the distribution of lipid classes changes very little during tissue degeneration. However it is well known that the fatty acid spectrum in lipids from testicular tissue is altered drastically during EFA deficiency. The molecular(More)