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We evaluated the prognostic significance of p185c-erbB-2 expression and ras gene mutations in all patients diagnosed with a pulmonary adenocarcinoma between 1982 and 1985 at the University of Iowa. p185c-erbB-2 expression was detected in 15 cases (34%). A ras gene mutation was found in 16 cases (36%) and all were in codon-12 of K-ras. No N-ras mutations(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the clinical course and the response to chemotherapy of patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of the lung depends on the presence or absence of a ras mutation in the tumor. Mutational activation of K-ras is a strong adverse prognostic factor in stage I or II lung cancer and laboratory studies have suggested that ras mutations(More)
The diagnostic value of monitoring human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) late pp67 mRNA expression by nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) after renal-allograft transplantation was evaluated. RNAs were isolated from 489 whole-blood specimens of 42 patients for the specific amplification of the late pp67 (UL65) mRNA. NASBA results were compared to(More)
A mutation of the LDL receptor gene very common among Finnish patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) was identified. This mutation, designated as FH-North Karelia, deletes seven nucleotides from exon 6 of the LDL receptor gene, causes a translational frameshift, and is predicted to result in a truncated receptor protein. Only minute(More)
The present study investigates the relationship between mitochondrial activity and the expression of the BCL-2 gene in a panel of six human and murine leukemia/lymphoma cell lines. The cell lines all contained normal glucocorticoid receptors but differed widely in sensitivity to dexamethasone, ranging from very sensitive S49 lymphoma to completely resistant(More)
Nucleic Acid Sequence Based Amplification (iNASBA), an isothermal amplification technique for nucleic acids, was evaluated for the identification of medically important Candida species using primers selected from 18S rRNA sequences conserved in fungi. An RNA fragment of 257 nucleotides was amplified for Candida albicans. Nineteen different fungi were tested(More)
A series of 54 resected primary non-small-cell lung carcinomas was analyzed for p53 gene mutations and for p53 protein accumulation and the findings were correlated with clinical parameters. Mutations in exons 5 through 8 of the p53 gene were identified by a denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) assay and cycle sequencing, whereas p53 protein(More)
Detection of tumor cells in blood and bone marrow is increasingly used for the staging of patients with breast cancer and to evaluate the presence of tumor cells in peripheral blood progenitor cell collections to be used after high-dose therapy. We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of three different methods for detection of tumor cells among(More)
To find early and sensitive indicators of treatment response in breast cancer, we studied the mRNA levels of proliferation-related genes during growth arrest of the human breast cancer cell lines T47D and MCF7. A sensitive reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) technique was used in order to monitor gene expression in small samples of cells. Estrogen-depletion(More)
Three germline mutations in the TP53 tumor-suppressor gene are reported, two of which are not reported previously. A missense mutation at codon 265 of TP53 was found in three patients of a family that complied with the definition of the Li-Fraumeni syndrome. A nonsense mutation in codon 306 was found in a woman who had had a rhabdomyosarcoma at age 4 and a(More)