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Glycoproteins which contain about 45 mol% proline were dramatically induced in mouse parotid and submandibular glands by isoproterenol treatment, but these unusual proteins were not detected in control animals. These acid-soluble substances were obtained by extracting tissues with 10% trichloroacetic acid, as reported previously for isolating proline-rich(More)
The 22-residue somatostatin (SST-22) from channel catfish, purified by an improved method, is shown to be a glycopeptide. This represents the first report of a glycosylated somatostatin. Multiple forms of SST-22 exist with the major form containing 1 mol of galactose and 1 mol of N-acetylgalactosamine/mol of peptide attached via an O-glycosidic linkage to(More)
We have examined two galactosyltransferase activities in membrane preparations obtained from resident macrophages, from resident macrophages maintained in culture for 24 hr, and from thioglycollate (TG)-elicited macrophages. Transfer of galactose from uridine diphosphate (UDP)-galactose to N-acetylglucosamine is 2.6 times higher in membranes prepared from(More)
We have previously reported the enzymatic synthesis of galactosyl-beta 1,3-N-acetylglucosamine using membrane preparations from pig trachea (Sheares, B. T., Lau, J. T. Y., and Carlson, D. M. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 599-602). The enzyme catalyzing the synthesis of this disaccharide, UDP-galactose:N-acetylglucosamine 3 beta-galactosyltransferase, has been(More)
In previous studies on glycosyltransferase activities in porcine trachea, we demonstrated the presence of two galactosyltransferases which transfer galactose from UDP-galactose to N-acetylglucosamine (Sheares, B.T. and Carlson, D.M. (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 9893-9898). One enzyme, UDP-galactose:N-acetylglucosamine 3 beta-galactosyltransferase, synthesized(More)
The biosynthesis of galactosyl-beta 1,3-N-acetylglucosamine has been demonstrated using membrane preparations from pig trachea. Unlike the UDP-galactose:2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose 4 beta-galactosyltransferase, which is inhibited by high levels of N-acetylglucosamine, the UDP-galactose:N-acetylglucosamine 3 beta-galactosyltransferase shows no inhibition(More)
The ultrastructure of serous cells from porcine tracheal submucosal glands was studied by conventional transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and by cytochemical methods to stain for complex carbohydrates. In tissue fixed and processed for TEM, and stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate, the condensing granules of serous cells occasionally possessed(More)
It has been shown previously that chicken ovalbumin synthesized and secreted in a heterologous cell system is glycosylated at the correct site and that the oligosaccharides at that site, similar to the protein made in hen oviduct, are predominantly of the hybrid type (Sheares, B. T., and Robbins, P. W. (1986) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 83, 1993-1997).(More)
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