B. T. Sewell

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The chaperonin GroEL assists protein folding through ATP-dependent, cooperative movements that alternately create folding chambers in its two rings. The substitution E461K at the interface between these two rings causes temperature-sensitive, defective protein folding in Escherichia coli. To understand the molecular defect, we have examined the mutant(More)
The maximum entropy method has been applied to single axis tilt electron microscopic tomography. Its application requires that the problem be correctly formulated and that the model for the noise in electron micrographs be developed. A suitable noise model was determined empirically. The maximum entropy method was applied to a reconstruction of a test(More)
The observation that the acid proteases contain two structurally equivalent lobes related by a dyad through the active centre has been extended to show that in endothiapepsin each lobe contains two similar halves related by a further local dyad. In lobe 1 22 pairs of alpha-carbons are equivalent with a root mean square deviation of 1.92 A. In lobe 2 17(More)
Deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions are required to mitigate climate change. However, there is low willingness amongst the public to prioritise climate policies for reducing emissions. Here we show that the extent to which Australians are prepared to reduce their country's CO2 emissions is greater when the costs to future national income are framed as a(More)
Cyanide dihydratase is an enzyme in the nitrilase family capable of transforming cyanide to formate and ammonia. This reaction has been exploited for the bioremediation of cyanide in wastewater streams, but extending the pH operating range of the enzyme would improve its utility. In this work, we describe mutants of Bacillus pumilus C1 cyanide dihydratase(More)
The cyanide dihydratases from Bacillus pumilus and Pseudomonas stutzeri share high amino acid sequence similarity throughout except for their highly divergent C-termini. However, deletion or exchange of the C-termini had different effects upon each enzyme. Here we extended previous studies and investigated how the C-terminus affects the activity and(More)
Cyanide degrading nitrilases are noted for their potential to detoxify industrial wastewater contaminated with cyanide. However, such application would benefit from an improvement to characteristics such as their catalytic activity and stability. Following error-prone PCR for random mutagenesis, several cyanide dihydratase mutants from Bacillus pumilus were(More)
Nitrilases are of significant interest both due to their potential for industrial production of valuable products as well as degradation of hazardous nitrile-containing wastes. All known functional members of the nitrilase superfamily have an underlying dimer structure. The true nitrilases expand upon this basic dimer and form large spiral or helical(More)
This work outlines the development of a general imaging model for use in autofocus, astigmatism correction, and resolution analysis. The model is based on the modulation transfer function of the system in the presence of aberrations, in particular defocus. The signals used are related to the ratios of the Fourier transforms of images captured under diierent(More)
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