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Pneumocystis carinii trophozoites grow in vivo in close contact with host cells. The attachment of Pneumocystis to the lung cells seems to be a critical step in the parasite's development. Up to now, the contact of Pneumocystis with mammalian tissue culture cells was shown using light and scanning electron microscopy. The methods are not sufficient to(More)
High osmotic pressure was used to preserve the ultrastructure of rabbit-, SCID mouse-, and rat-derived Pneumocystis carinii organisms from osmotic stress during fixation. Organelles and cytosol were well preserved within the tonicity range of 850-1,300 mosmol. Under these experimental conditions, we determined that the endoplasmic reticulum was well(More)
The attachment of Pneumocystis carinii to lung cells could play a role in the pathophysiology of P carinii pneumonia. The trophozoite attaches to type I alveolar epithelial cells. Physical, chemical, and extracellular matrix factors, involved in the mouse-or rat-derived P carinii attachment to fibroblastic cells in culture, were examined using a new model(More)
Changes in Pneumocystis carinii induced by the extraction of the parasite from rabbit lung have been investigated. Samples obtained using 4 extraction methods were evaluated by light and transmission electron microscopy. Light microscopic evaluation was insufficient to give a measure of the P. carinii viability or to detect parasitic cellular alterations.(More)
The highly complex ultrastructural morphology of the endomembrane system in Pneumocystis carinii led us to perform three-dimensional reconstruction from serial-thin sections using the CATIA (Conception Assistée Tridimensionnelle Inter Active) Dassault system program. The three-dimensional reconstruction of a small trophozoite made it possible to better(More)
Pneumocystis carinii is a widespread eukaryotic microorganism found in the lungs of healthy mammals, including humans. It is able to proliferate extensively in the alveoli, becoming an important agent of severe pneumonitis in immunosuppressed hosts, especially in persons suffering from AIDS. The taxonomic position of P. carinii is uncertain. Typical(More)
Three-dimensional reconstruction of a binucleate intermediate precyst of Pneumocystis carinii was performed from serial-thin sections using the CATIA (Conception Assistée Tridimensionnelle Inter Active) Dassault system program. The presence of a mitochondrion, complex well-developed endoplasmic structures, and numerous Golgi vesicles was established. A(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the consequences of sperm morphology abnormalities on fertilization capacity. We selected 115 couples who consulted for in vitro fertilization at the Salengro Maternity Ward (Lille, France). Teratospermia was > 40% in all. The mean rate of cleavage was 23% and was significantly lower than in a population which had had(More)
Pneumocystis carinii-parasitized lung explants were obtained from corticoid-treated rabbits and maintained in vitro. Twenty-one days after the beginning of explant cultures, the ultrastructural morphology of trophozoite, precyst and cyst forms was normal as compared to the in vivo ultrastructure of P. carinii from infected rabbit. However, after the 36th(More)