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CONTEXT Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) has recently evolved as a modality for noninvasive coronary imaging. OBJECTIVE To assess the accuracy and robustness of MSCT vs the criterion standard of invasive coronary angiography for detection of obstructive coronary artery disease. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Prospective, single-center study(More)
We investigated the effects of global system for mobile communication (GSM) microwave exposure on the permeability of the blood-brain barrier using a calibrated microwave exposure system in the 900 MHz band. Rats were restrained in a carousel of circularly arranged plastic tubes and sham-exposed or microwave irradiated for a duration of 4 h at specific(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore the accuracy of multi-detector row helical CT (MDCT), using a biphasic mesenteric angiography protocol for evaluation of acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI). In total, 79 consecutive patients with clinical signs of AMI underwent contrast enhanced 16- or 40-channel MDCT. MDCT findings were correlated with surgery,(More)
Hippocampal activation is required for episodic memory. Encoding and retrieval of novel and memorable items have been related to different locations in the hippocampus; however, the data remain ambiguous. The application of a newly designed keyboard allowed investigation of brain activation during encoding and free immediate and delayed recall with(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of multi-detector row helical CT (MDCT) for detection and localization of acute upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage or intraperitoneal bleeding. Thirty-six consecutive patients with clinical signs of acute bleeding underwent biphasic (16- or 40-channel) MDCT. MDCT findings were correlated(More)
Esophageal perforation (EP) is still associated with a high mortality rate, even after surgical repair. We reviewed 17 cases of EP to evaluate the management of this major surgical problem. We reviewed the medical records of all patients treated for EP in our department between November 2001 and November 2004. Therapy was based on various patient-related(More)
Patients with probable Alzheimer's disease and depressive patients frequently present with subjective memory complaints. Objective distinction of underlying neuronal substrate malfunction and early cross-sectional differential diagnosis have been elusive thus far. We used repetitive learning and free recall of abstract geometric patterns during functional(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Compared with MR imaging at 1.5T T1-weighted spin-echo imaging at 3T shows up with reduced gray-to-white matter contrast. The purpose of the present study was to show the effects of alterations of different flip angles as an easily accessible parameter to increase gray-to-white matter contrast. METHODS Spin-echo T1 sequences of 6(More)
BACKGROUND Anatomical variants of the aortic arch and its branching patterns often appear as an incidental finding during routine computed tomography (CT) scanning. These variations can be of relevance when performing angiography or endovascular interventions and may cause symptoms such as dysphagia. PURPOSE To analyze common anatomical variations found(More)
Two neuroimaging studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and thermally induced pain are presented. Fifteen healthy right-handed subjects were imaged while they had to discern different levels of thermal stimuli in the first study and while they disengaged from the feeling of pain during constant stimulation in the second study. In the(More)