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We show a scheme for achieving high-speed operation for carrier-injection based silicon electro-optical modulator, which is optimized for small size and high modulation depth. The performance of the device is analyzed theoretically and a 12.5-Gbit/s modulation with high extinction ratio >9dB is demonstrated experimentally using a silicon micro-ring(More)
The origin of two luminescence bands with maxima around 1.05 eV and 0.95 eV is studied in silicon pn diodes prepared by boron implantation. The two peaks are related to the formation of p-type doping spikes on a nanometer scale. These doping spikes are generated by long-time thermal activation of preformed boron clusters. The peak with a larger binding(More)
OBJECTIVES There are few studies investigating the characteristics of older smokers. Research on younger adults has determined that (1) the diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM) diagnosis of nicotine dependence (ND) excludes a sizable portion of the smoking population, and (2) younger smokers have high rates of comorbid DSM disorders. In this study, we(More)
Internet interventions are defined as the delivery of health care-related treatments via an online or a smartphone interface, and have been shown to be a viable alternative to face-to-face treatments. However, not all patients benefit from such treatments, and it is possible that some may experience negative effects. Investigations of face-to-face(More)
The CARIOCA front-end is an amplifier discriminator chip, using 0.25Pm CMOS technology, developed with a very fast and low noise preamplifier. This prototype was designed to have input impedance below 10:. Measurements showed a peaking time of 14ns and noise of 450e-at zero input capacitance, with a noise slope of 37.4 e-/pF. The sensitivity of 8mV/fC(More)
seco-Hinokiol (1), a new abietane diterpenoid, has been isolated from the leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis. Its structure was elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. To our knowledge, this is the fourth report of a seco-abietane having been isolated. In addition, methyl carnosate (4) was synthesized from carnosic acid (3), and detailed(More)
A very fast and low noise front-end implemented in 0.25µm CMOS process is reported. The CARIOCA amplifier discriminator chip has input impedance of 10Ω, to be compatible with sensors of large capacitance, and a peaking time of 14ns. The sensitivity of 8mV/fC remains almost unchanged up to a sensor capacitance of 120pF. A noise figure of 450e-(0.07fC rms) at(More)
The formation of ultra-shallow n<sup>+</sup> layers by P or As implantation and subsequent rapid thermal annealing (RTA) or flash-lamp annealing (FLA) is investigated. The focus is on diffusion and activation of dopants. RTA leads to considerable broadening of the shallow as-implanted profiles by concentration-dependent diffusion. In contrast, FLA does not(More)