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— Nowadays almost most of the countries are forcing the motor riders to wear the helmet and not to use the vehicles when the person is in drunken condition. But still in many places, the rules are being violated by the users. In order to overcome this problem, an intelligent system has been embedded in the helmet itself. The signal detected by IR sensor(More)
This paper presents a comparative evaluation of the average and switching models of a dc-dc boost converter from the point of view of real-time simulation. Both the models are used to simulate the converter in real-time on a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) platform. The converter is considered to function over a wide range of operating conditions, and(More)
The acoustic noise emitted by an induction motor powered by a voltage source inverter (VSI) is an environmental issue. Harmonics present in the stator current are the main reason for the increased acoustic noise in motor drives. The pulse-width modulation (PWM) technique used to modulate the inverter is akey factor in determining the magnitude of current(More)
—A mesh network technique based on importance sampling is developed for the analysis of path service availability in mesh networks with dynamic path restoration. The method combines the simulation of the path rerouting algorithm with a " dynamic path failure importance sampling " (DPFS) scheme to estimate path availabilities efficiently. The simulated model(More)
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