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Haemoglobin C (HbC; beta6Glu --> Lys) is common in malarious areas of West Africa, especially in Burkina Faso. Conclusive evidence exists on the protective role against severe malaria of haemoglobin S (HbS; beta6Glu --> Val) heterozygosity, whereas conflicting results for the HbC trait have been reported and no epidemiological data exist on the possible(More)
The comparison of malaria indicators among populations that have different genetic backgrounds and are uniformly exposed to the same parasite strains is one approach to the study of human heterogeneties in the response to the infection. We report the results of comparative surveys on three sympatric West African ethnic groups, Fulani, Mossi, and Rimaibé,(More)
Plasmodium falciparum parasite rate, parasite density and anti-CS antibodies were assessed in 196 subjects (age > 10 yrs) belonging to three sympatric West African ethnic groups, namely Mossi, Rimaibé and Fulani, all exposed to very high seasonal malaria transmission in the same rural village near Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. No interethnic differences were(More)
The Fulani are less clinically susceptible and more immunologically responsive to malaria than neighbouring ethnic groups. Here we report that anti-malarial antibody levels show a wide distribution amongst the Fulani themselves, raising the possibility that quantitative analysis within the Fulani may be an efficient way of screening for important genetic(More)
The well-established relative resistance to malaria observed in the Fulani as compared with other sympatric tribes in West Africa has been attributed to their higher levels of serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G antibodies to malarial antigens. In this study, we confirm and extend the previous findings by analyses of the levels of IgM, IgG and IgG subclasses of(More)
The humoral immune response against synthetic peptides of two Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage antigens, Pf155/ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen (RESA) (EENV)6 and Pf332 (SVTEEIAEEDK)2, in individuals belonging to three sympatric ethnic groups (Mossi, Rimaibe, and Fulani) living in the same conditions of hyperendemic transmission in a Sudan savanna(More)
The gene frequencies in 1993-94 for haemoglobin S, haemoglobin C, alpha-3.7 deletional thalassaemia, G6PDA-, HLAB*5301 were estimated in Fulani, Mossi and Rimaibé ethnic groups of Burkina Faso, West Africa. The aim of the study was to verify whether the previously reported Fulani lower susceptibility to Plasmodium falciparum malaria was associated with any(More)
A longitudinal study was undertaken in Burkina Faso among 293 children aged 6 months to 9 years in order to determine the correlation between an antibody response to several individual malarial antigens and malarial infection. It was found that the presence of a positive antibody response at the beginning of the rainy season to three long synthetic peptides(More)
The comparison of malaria indicators among populations with different genetic backgrounds and uniformly exposed to the same parasite strains, is one of the approaches to the study of human heterogeneities in the response to the infection. The results of our comparative studies conducted in Burkina Faso, West Africa, showed consistent interethnic differences(More)
We analyzed the clinical presentation of 800 severe malaria cases six months to 15 years of age (mean +/- SD = 4.3 +/- 3.0) recruited at the pediatric ward of the Ouagadougou University Hospital, and at the Sourou and Nayala District Hospitals in Burkina Faso. Inclusion criteria followed the World Health Organization (WHO) definition of severe and(More)