B S Pallotta

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1. Properties of the Ca-activated K channel were studied in excised patches of surface membrane from cultured rat muscle cells using single channel recording techniques.2. Increasing the concentration of calcium at the intracellular membrane surface [Ca](i), increased both the frequency and effective duration of channel openings. Ca at the extracellular(More)
The stochastic properties of single Ca-activated K channels in excised patches of surface membrane from cultured rat muscle cells were studied using the patch-clamp technique. The distribution of all open intervals was described by the sum of two exponential distributions of short and long mean open time, suggesting at least two major open-channel states.(More)
1. Desensitization of acetylcholine (ACh) receptors was studied at the frog neuromuscular junction under voltage clamp.2. ACh was applied directly to junctional receptors by stimulating the motor nerve with trains of impulses. End-plate currents (e.p.c.s) were used to estimate the total number of channel openings by the junctional ACh receptors, and(More)
Calcium-activated potassium channels from cultured rat skeletal muscle were treated with the protein-modifying reagent N-bromoacetamide (NBA) (0.3-1 mM) and studied in excised patches using patch-clamp techniques. After NBA treatment, channels opened only occasionally, and, in contrast to untreated channels, the open probability was no longer sensitive to(More)
Burst kinetics of single Ca-activated K channels in excised patches of surface membrane from cultured rat muscle were studied using the patch-clamp technique. Channel activity was separated into bursts using a calculated gap derived from the distribution of shut intervals. Shut intervals greater than the calculated gap were taken as gaps between bursts. The(More)
1. The effect of tubocurarine on amplitudes of end-plate currents in response to trains of repetitive stimulation (50-150/sec) was investigated in voltage-clamped muscle fibres of the rat, mouse and frog. 2. In rat and mouse muscle, the presence of tubocurarine led to a more rapid decline (rundown) in the amplitudes of successive end-plate currents during(More)
Biochemical and electrophysiological studies suggest that adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent phosphorylation of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor channel is functionally significant because it modifies the receptor's rate of desensitization to acetylcholine. In studies that support this conclusion researchers have used forskolin to stimulate(More)
Single channel currents from Ca-activated K channels were recorded from cell-attached patches, which were then excised from 1321N1 human astrocytoma cells. Cells were depolarized with K (110 mM) so that the membrane potential was known in both patch configurations, and the Ca ionophore A23187 or ionomycin (20-100 microM) was used to equilibrate(More)
1. The patch-clamp technique was used to record single-channel currents from cell-attached patches on rat brain cortical neurons in culture. The composition of the open and shut intervals during bursts of openings was studied in N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors exposed to 1 microM NMDA and 10 microM glycine at a membrane potential of -70 mV. 2. Open(More)