B S Magdoff-Fairchild

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Fibers composed of molecules of deoxygenated sickle cell hemoglobin are the basic cause of pathology in sickle cell disease. The hemoglobin molecules in these fibers are arranged in double strands that twist around one another with a long axial repeat. These fibrous aggregates exhibit a pattern of polymorphism in which the ratio of their helical pitch to(More)
Paracrystalline fibers of deoxygenated sickle hemoglobin in erythrocytes or concentrated solutions exhibit a phase transformation to a fully crystalline state. X-ray diffraction patterns of the fiber and crystallites are similar except in two respects: the equatorial spacings of the fibers suggest that they pack into a square lattice with a = 220 A, whereas(More)
The deoxyhemoglobin S (deoxy-HbS) double strand is the fundamental building block of both the crystals of deoxy-HbS and the physiologically relevant fibers present within sickle cells. To use the atomic-resolution detail of the hemoglobin-hemoglobin interaction known from the crystallography of HbS as a basis for understanding the interactions in the(More)
Triclinic crystals have been found in capillaries that initially contained deoxygenated sickled erythrocytes, and in solutions of sickle hemoglobin that were stirred during deoxygenation. In both cases these crystals occur as a phase transition from fibers. They have been observed only as twins; the a-axis of one member is related to that of its twin by 180(More)
Solubilities of deoxygenated sickle cell hemoglobin (deoxy-Hb S), at varying pH and temperature over a range of concentrations encompassing those found in erythrocytes, were measured. The technique involved ultracentrifugation, which gave values of the supernatant concentration and the mass of the sedimented material. The data establish that the solubility(More)