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Immunoassays are bioanalytical methods in which quantitation of the analyte depends on the reaction of an antigen (analyte) and an antibody. Although applicable to the analysis of both low molecular weight xenobiotic and macromolecular drugs, these procedures currently find most consistent application in the pharmaceutical industry to the quantitation of(More)
The convective transport of fluid and of a binding antibody through a cultured tumor cell layer was investigated with a mouse melanoma cell line (B16F10) grown on a microporous polycarbonate filter (Snapwell inserts). The inserts were precoated with Matrigel or collagen, or were uncoated. The cell layers were exposed to nominal pressure gradients from 5 to(More)
Success in generating catalytic antibodies as enzyme mimics lies in the strategic design of the transition-state analog (TSA) for the reaction of interest, and careful development of screening processes for the selection of antibodies that are catalysts. Typically, the choice of TSA structure is straightforward, and the criterion for selection in screening(More)
Bifunctional antibodies were prepared using the principle of solid-phase synthesis. The two Fab' fragments were chemically linked together via a bismaleimide crosslinking reagent. The F(ab')2 fragments from intact IgG were prepared using an immobilized pepsin column. Goat, mouse and human antibodies were digested completely within 4 h. The F(ab')2 fragments(More)
This review summarizes our recent in vitro studies of the factors affecting the tumor penetration of immunoconjugates. The studies were designed to probe the mechanisms of diffusion and convection, using a cultured layer of mouse melanoma cells as a model tumor cell layer and an antibody to the murine transferrin receptor as a model ligand. Transport of the(More)
This paper describes a project for the establishment of a cancer pain clinic in a developing country. The project was conducted according to guidelines from the World Health Organization and utilized a link with an existing cancer pain clinic in the UK. The principal methods used for establishing the new pain clinic included: an assessment of barriers to(More)
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