B S Chadwick

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Evidence is presented that early steps in T cell differentiation, to the point of TCR expression, can occur in athymic nude bone marrow (BM) and perhaps also in normal BM. Low density nylon wool nonadherent BM from 5- to 8-wk-old nude and normal mice was found to contain dim CD3+ CD4- CD8- cells. This subpopulation was not found in scid/scid low density(More)
NK cells can recognize and destroy a broad range of cells, including many tumor cells and virally infected cells, yet spare most normal cells. Identification of the target structure recognized by these cells has proved elusive. An attractive hypothesis is that, unlike B cells and T cells that recognize a specific foreign marker, NK cells respond to the(More)
NK cells of F1 hybrids frequently exhibit an enhanced capacity to reject semisyngeneic parental bone marrow grafts, a phenomenon known as hybrid resistance. Attempts to define the mechanism whereby this occurs have been hampered by factors inherent in the use of an in vivo model, including the host immune response, microenvironment, immune cell trafficking(More)
Incubation of murine splenocytes in high concentrations of the lymphokine interleukin 2 leads to the development of cytotoxic effector cells termed lymphokine-activated killer cells. Two populations of blast cells develop within these cultures, one of T origin and one of NK origin. The T blasts are CD8+, FcR gamma III- and exhibit slightly increased forward(More)
Lymphokine-activated killer cells (LAK) are functionally defined by their ability to mediate the MHC-unrestricted lysis of a range of tumor targets, while sparing normal cells. They can also lyse TNP-modified normal syngeneic lymphoblasts. We show here that lysis of TNP-modified targets is mediated by CD8+ LAK in a self-MHC-restricted manner, whereas lysis(More)
Due to the absence of a normal thymus, nude mice are characterized by low numbers of mature T cells. It has been shown in older nude mice that appreciable numbers of Thy-1+, CD8+ and, to a much lesser extent, CD4+ T cells can be found. A second T-cell receptor (TCR), gamma delta-TCR, has been shown to be expressed by a large number of T cells in young and(More)
Bone marrow cells from 6- to 8-week-old athymic nude mice were depleted of nylon-wool adherent cells and cultured in vitro at low cell numbers (300 cells/well) in medium supplemented with a supernatant from a thymoma cell line. About 1% of cultured cells grew. Pooled cultures contained cells expressing CD3 (52%), CD4 (37%), CD8 (11%), Thy 1.2 (72%), MAC-1(More)
Mouse thymocytes and erythrocytes form rosettes when incubated together at 4 degrees C. The frequency is much higher when the thymocytes and erythrocytes are MHC-identical. If the indolizidine alkaloid swainsonine (SW) is present during rosette formation at concentrations of 1 microgram/ml (5.7 microM) or greater, rosette formation between MHC-identical(More)
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