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BACKGROUND AND DESIGN To conduct a prospective case-control study about causative factors of severe bullous erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis, we needed to define criteria for classifying the cases and standardize the collection of data so that cases could be reliably diagnosed according to this classification.(More)
BACKGROUND Toxic epidermal necrolysis and Stevens-Johnson syndrome are rare, life-threatening, drug-induced cutaneous reactions. We conducted a case-control study to quantify the risks associated with the use of specific drugs. METHODS Data were obtained through surveillance networks in France, Germany, Italy, and Portugal. Drug use before the onset of(More)
Little work has been carried out on the epidemiology of the two serious skin reactions--toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS). We collected details of all the hospitalized cases of TEN and SJS in the Federal Republic of Germany for the years 1981 through 1985 inclusive. Inquiries by telephone, letter, and personal visits(More)
Of the 131 studies on monotherapy or combination therapy assessed, 56 studies on the different forms of phototherapy fulfilled the criteria for inclusion in the guidelines. Approximately three-quarters of all patients treated with phototherapy attained at least a PASI 75 response after 4 to 6 weeks, and clearance was frequently achieved (levels of evidence(More)
BACKGROUND There is still controversy about whether all antiepileptic drugs are associated with the severe cutaneous reactions Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). We have studied the role of antiepileptic drugs in SJS and TEN, taking into account potential cofactors that might confound or modify the risk. METHODS The(More)
Psoriasis vulgaris is a common and often chronic inflammatory skin disease. The incidence of psoriasis in Western industrialized countries ranges from 1.5% to 2%. Patients afflicted with severe psoriasis vulgaris may experience a significant reduction in quality of life. Despite the large variety of treatment options available, surveys have shown that(More)
A multicenter international case-control study has been designed to elucidate the etiology of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). Although these diseases occur rarely, the morbidity is high and the mortality for TEN is of the order of 30%. These serious dermatologic conditions have often been linked to exposure to drugs. Infective(More)
Psoriasis vulgaris is a common and often chronic inflammatory skin disease. The incidence of psoriasis in Western industrialized countries ranges from 1.5 to 2%. Patients afflicted with severe psoriasis vulgaris may experience a significant reduction in quality of life. Despite the large variety of treatment options available, patient surveys have revealed(More)
BACKGROUND Although botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) is a common aesthetic intervention, there are few published data on treatment over more than two cycles. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness/safety of repeated doses of BoNT-A (Dysport, Ipsen Ltd., Slough, UK) in the upper face for reduction of wrinkles. METHODS Retrospective, cross-sectional(More)
Psoriasis vulgaris is a common and chronic inflammatory skin disease which has the potential to significantly reduce the quality of life in severely affected patients. The incidence of psoriasis in Western industrialized countries ranges from 1.5 to 2%. Despite the large variety of treatment options available, patient surveys have revealed insufficient(More)