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The function of the central cannabinoid receptor (CB1) was investigated by invalidating its gene. Mutant mice did not respond to cannabinoid drugs, demonstrating the exclusive role of the CB1 receptor in mediating analgesia, reinforcement, hypothermia, hypolocomotion, and hypotension. The acute effects of opiates were unaffected, but the reinforcing(More)
Despite tremendous efforts in the search for safe, efficacious and non-addictive opioids for pain treatment, morphine remains the most valuable painkiller in contemporary medicine. Opioids exert their pharmacological actions through three opioid-receptor classes, mu, delta and kappa, whose genes have been cloned. Genetic approaches are now available to(More)
Tolerance and dependence induced by chronic delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) administration were investigated in mice. The effects on body weight, analgesia and hypothermia were measured during 6 days of treatment (10 or 20 mg kg(-1) THC twice daily). A rapid tolerance to the acute effects was observed from the second THC administration. The selective(More)
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U266, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 8600, Université René Descartes, Paris, France (B.P.R., F.N.); Royal Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (J.B.); Section on Behavioral Neuropharmacology, Experimental Therapeutics Branch, National Institute of Mental(More)
Chronic morphine administration induces an up-regulation of several components of the cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate (cAMP) signal transduction cascade. The behavioral and biochemical consequences of opiate withdrawal were investigated in mice with a genetic disruption of the alpha and Delta isoforms of the cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB).(More)
Although it is known that panic attacks are triggered by the cholecystokinin fragment CCK4, the specific involvement of peripheral or central cholecystokinin CCK receptors in various adaptive processes such as emotion, memory and anxiety has yet to be demonstrated. With this aim, we have investigated the biochemical and pharmacological effects resulting(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II and Ang III are two peptide effectors of the brain renin-angiotensin system that participate in the control of blood pressure and increase water consumption and vasopressin release. In an attempt to delineate the respective roles of these peptides in the regulation of vasopressin secretion, their metabolic pathways and their effects on(More)
***micro***-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptors are widely expressed in the central nervous system where they mediate the strong analgesic and mood-altering actions of opioids, and modulate numerous endogenous functions. To investigate the contribution of the kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) to opioid function in vivo, we have generated KOR-deficient mice by(More)
Little is known about the cellular effects induced by 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy), although changes in gene expression have been observed following treatments with other psychostimulants. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate in mice, the relationships between the ras-dependent protein kinase ERK and MDMA-induced reinforcement(More)