B. Rollmann

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Different chemical treatments were applied to solutions of Aflatoxin B1 in order to compare their efficacy for the detoxification of AfB1: sodium sulfite, sodium hydrogen sulfate, sodium hydroxide, ammonia, sodium hypochlorite, hydrogen peroxide. The rate of the detoxification of AfB1 has been followed by three experimental approaches: 1. Quantitative(More)
The alkaloid composition of the aerial parts and roots of PHYSALIS PERUVIANA was analysed by capillary GC (GC (2)), GC (2)-MS and GC (2)-FTIR. Eight alkaloids were identified, three of those alkaloids are 3beta-acetoxytropane and two N-methylpyrrolidinylhygrine isomers, which were not previously found in the genus PHYSALIS. A reproduction of the(More)
The metabolism of N-nitrosopyrrolidine (NPyrr) via alpha-hydroxylation is modified by pretreatments of the animals with compounds which affect the microsomal level of cytochrome P-450 and by addition, in vitro, of 2-diethylaminoethyl-2,2-diphenyl valerate hydrochloride (SKF 525-A), an inhibitor of cytochrome P-450. This phenomenon is due exclusively to the(More)
A rapid and sensitive procedure is described for the quantitation of levamisole in plasma using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The procedure involves sample preparation using a reverse-phase C18 cartridge prior to chromatography and quantitation using peak area ratios (UV absorbance detection, 225 nm) of levamisole to the internal standard,(More)
Two specific and very sensitive methods for the determination of vinyl epoxide synthetase activity in liver microsomes are described. Trichloroethylene, which is used as a substrate, is converted into trichloroethylene oxide by a hepatic epoxide synthetase. Chloral hydrate, the final rearrangement product of trichloroethylene oxide, is determined by(More)
Capillary gas chromatography with infra-red detection (FTIR) was used for the qualitative determination of ten barbiturates. The identification is valid only for 1 microgram drug by injection. Comparison between usual and Fourier transform infra-red spectra is also provided.
Different cassava products were found to contain mutagenic activities in the Ames test. This paper describes how the flavonol quercetin is released during the cooking of fresh cassava leaves, following a process very similar to culinary habits. The hydrolysis of the glucoside(s) and the release of free quercetin has been followed by the monitoring of(More)
Styrene is a compound widely used in the manufacture of polystyrenic plastics and it has recently been shown to exert mutagenic effects after metabolic activation into styrene oxide by the microsomal mixed function oxidases; this oxide is further converted into inactive styrene glycol. In order to investigate the relative importance of activation and(More)