B. Robert Gregoire

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Body mass has a positive effect on bone health. Whether mass derived from an obesity condition or excessive fat accumulation is beneficial to bone has not been established; neither have the mechanisms by which obesity affects bone metabolism. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of obesity on bone structure and osteoblastic expression of key(More)
Finite opamp gain and output swing are two limitations for precision analog circuits. These limitations are especially serious at lower supply voltages where limited headroom prevents the use of cascode devices to improve gain. The magnitude of the problem is illustrated in Fig. 30.1.1 for a 2-stage opamp in a 0.18μm process. When each leg is biased at 1mA,(More)
Cereal Chem. 88(2):195–200 Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient in animals. High levels of Se can accumulate in wheat grain, but it is not clear how high Se affects milling or baking. Low and high Se grain from the same hard red winter wheat cultivar was milled and used for breadbaking studies and Se analysis. Mill stream yields from the low and high(More)
Selenium (Se) is an essential nutrient for humans and animals. The Se RDA for adult humans is 55 mug/d; however, dietary amounts as high as 200 mug/d in the highly available form of selenomethionine in yeast were shown to reduce the incidence of certain cancers. A number of natural foods contain relatively high amounts of Se; for the most part, however, the(More)
The concentration of selenium (Se), an essential nutrient, is variable in foods, depending, in part, on how and where foods are produced; some foods accumulate substantial amounts of Se when produced on high-Se soils. The chemical form of Se also differs among foods. Broccoli is a Se-accumulating plant that contains many methylated forms of Se, and Se(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines are primary mediators of bone loss in estrogen deficiency. This study determined whether alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT), a multifunctional protein with proteinase inhibitor and anti-inflammatory activities, mitigates bone loss induced by estrogen deficiency. Mice were either sham-operated or ovariectomized and injected with either AAT(More)
Bone health is influenced by body mass and estrogen. The objective of the study was to determine whether high-fat diet-induced obesity affects bone structure and alters markers of bone turnover in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. We hypothesized that a high-fat diet would increase body weight gain and serum estradiol levels in OVX mice but would not improve bone(More)
this paper introduces series/parallel and parallel/series composite resistor topologies. These topologies allow one to design a temperature coefficient that is insensitive to process variations, unlike the traditional simple series and simple parallel composite resistors. Formulas and normalized circuits are provided. Four zero-temperature coefficient(More)
Selenium (Se), an essential mineral, plays a major role in cellular redox status and may have beneficial effects on bone health. The objective of this study was to determine whether Se deficiency affects redox status and bone microarchitecture in a mouse model. Thirty-three male C57BL/6J mice, 18 wk old, were randomly assigned to 3 groups. Mice were fed(More)