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This study examines whether the association between social inequalities and low birth weight (LBW) (occurring in both pre- and full-term births) in Germany can be explained by several potentially confounding factors. These include maternal age, occupational status, marital status, nationality, employment status, smoking, prenatal care, psychosocial stress,(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, attention has been focused on subsequent pregnancies among teenage mothers. Previous studies that compared the reproductive outcomes of teenage nulliparae and multiparae often did not consider the adolescents' reproductive histories. Thus, the authors compared the risks for adverse reproductive outcomes of adolescent nulliparae to(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the role of utilization of prenatal care on the risk for stillbirth among women with migration background in Germany by comparing stillbirth rates of women from different origins characterized by adequate and inadequate utilization of prenatal care to German women with adequate utilization of care. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study.(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of midwifery versus physician care on perinatal outcomes in a population of women planning birth in hospital has not yet been explored. We compared maternal and newborn outcomes between women planning hospital birth attended by a midwife versus a physician in British Columbia, Canada. METHODS All women planning a hospital birth(More)
INTRODUCTION Coronary artery disease still remains the primary cause of death in the western industrialized world. Although the clinical value of selective coronary angiography (SCA) is beyond dispute, the associated risk of an invasive approach, the inherent costs and the necessary hospitalization have lead to the development and investigation of novel(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare family physicians', obstetricians' and midwives' self-reported practices, attitudes and beliefs about central issues in childbirth. DESIGN Mail-out questionnaire. SETTING/POPULATION; All registered midwives in the province, and a sample of family physicians and obstetricians in a maternity care teaching hospital. Response rates: 91%(More)
Although the association between employment status and health has been examined extensively, there is a paucity of research on the association between parental unemployment and the risk for stillbirth. The few existing studies did not access relevant confounders. We explored whether maternal, paternal or both parents’ employment status is related to(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare satisfaction with the birth experience among a population of women planning birth at home versus in hospital. In British Columbia, Canada, all midwives offer women meeting eligibility requirements for homebirth the choice to give birth in hospital or at home. Therefore, satisfaction can be attributed to planned place(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between region of origin and severe illness bringing a mother close to death (near-miss). DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Maternity units in Lower Saxony, Germany. POPULATION 441 199 mothers of singleton newborns in 2001-2007. METHODS Using chi-squared tests, bivariate and multivariable logistic(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To find out if gender and ethnicity are associated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) symptom recognition and the recommendation of enlisting emergency medical services. DESIGN In an experiment, a random sample of the public was provided a scenario of a person experiencing symptoms of AMI; the gender of the character (male, female, or(More)