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Alcohol and tobacco consumption are closely correlated and published results on their association with breast cancer have not always allowed adequately for confounding between these exposures. Over 80% of the relevant information worldwide on alcohol and tobacco consumption and breast cancer were collated, checked and analysed centrally. Analyses included(More)
An international collaborative study of breast cancer and reproductive experience has been carried out in 7 areas of the world. In all areas studied, a striking relation between age at first birth and breast cancer risk was observed. It is estimated that women having their first child when aged under 18 years have only about one-third the breast cancer risk(More)
In 511 nulliparous women aged 15-19 years and 347 aged 30-39, an analysis has been undertaken of the relationship of urine concentrations of the three principal estrogens to age, age at menarche and Quetelet's index of adiposity. The analysis was undertaken by means of multiple regression, controlling for each of the 12 centers from which the data(More)
An analysis is undertaken of the frequency of ovulation in 17 groups of women aged 15 to 19 who had been the subjects of other studies. A urine specimen of at least 8 h accumulation had been provided on the 20th or 21st day of a menstrual cycle by 681 women. Analysis is restricted to 431 specimens which had been collected between 11 and 3 days prior to the(More)
In a recent study, 5-year survival rates for breast cancer patients in Boston (Massachusetts), Glamorgan (Wales), Slovenia (Yugoslavia) and Tokyo (Japan) were 57.3%, 49.5%, 41.9% and 74.9%, respectively. In this report, data are presented on the types of treatment used in the four areas and on the relationship of differences in treatment practices to the(More)
An international collaborative study has been carried out to test the hypothesis that prolonged lactation protects women against cancer of the breast. While pregnancy itself seemed to confer some protection against breast cancer in all areas studied, no consistent differences in duration of lactation were found between breast cancer patients and unaffected(More)
Results of a previous case-control study in Slovenia showed a significantly elevated risk of breast cancer for ever-OC users aged 25 to 54 years. A further study was conducted in 1988-1990 in the whole of Slovenia, employing more rigorous epidemiological methodology. Cases were 624 women with breast cancer, aged 25 to 54 years, diagnosed at the Institute of(More)
Data from a large international case-control study of breast cancer suggested that women born to young mothers had a 25% lower risk of breast cancer. The association was not secondary to a tendency for these women themselves to have had children at early ages. The data provided no indication of a meaningful association between breast cancer risk and birth(More)