B. Ramaswami

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We argue that women may be disinclined to participate in market work in the rural areas of India because of family status concerns in a culture that stigmatizes market work by married women. We set out a theoretical framework that offers predictions regarding the effects of caste-based status concerns on the time allocation of women. We then use the(More)
T his paper examines the efficiency and equity of food market interventions in India. The paper reviews the economic rationale of such interventions , the problems that arise in designing these policies and their performance in the Indian context. The evaluation points to certain directions of reform. It will be argued that these reforms require that the(More)
As public intervention is a pervasive influence on food prices, this paper asks whether and how the inefficiency of state institutions matters to food prices. In the context of the wheat subsidy scheme in India, the paper models the implications of quality differences between public and private grain supply. As both are procured at similar prices, the lower(More)
The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) was established in 1975. IFPRI is one of 15 agricultural research centers that receive principal funding from governments, private foundations, and international and regional organizations, most of which are members of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research. 1 Effective January(More)
A look at the spatial variation in male and female agricultural wages in India throws up a seeming paradox: gender differentials are the largest in the southern regions of India that are otherwise favourable to women. Boserup (1970) hypothesized that this is due to the greater labor force participation of women in these regions. This is not obvious as(More)
The economic processes by which productivity growth in agriculture and non-agriculture matter to the poor in India are investigated here. Poverty is measured by the wage rate of agricultural labor—a variable that is highly correlated with head-count measures. The paper sets up a theoretical model to contrast the effects of productivity increase in the farm(More)
Preface The level of development of a state is likely to be the consequence of a complex set of historical, cultural, and sociological factors. An explicit government objective was to have a more egalitarian society, coupled with balanced development of different regions. Despite taking a number of steps to reduce the regional disparities, substantial(More)