Learn More
BACKGROUND Gene-expression analysis is increasingly important in biological research, with real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) becoming the method of choice for high-throughput and accurate expression profiling of selected genes. Given the increased sensitivity, reproducibility and large dynamic range of this methodology, the requirements for a(More)
BACKGROUND Germline loss-of-function mutations in PALB2 are known to confer a predisposition to breast cancer. However, the lifetime risk of breast cancer that is conferred by such mutations remains unknown. METHODS We analyzed the risk of breast cancer among 362 members of 154 families who had deleterious truncating, splice, or deletion mutations in(More)
IMPORTANCE Limited information about the relationship between specific mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) and cancer risk exists. OBJECTIVE To identify mutation-specific cancer risks for carriers of BRCA1/2. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Observational study of women who were ascertained between 1937 and 2011 (median, 1999) and found to carry(More)
About 4% of all BRCA1 and BRCA2 alterations reported to the Breast Information Core database are splice site variants. Only a limited number of them have been studied at the RNA level. By BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation analysis of breast/ovarian cancer families, we identified two novel and eight previously reported potential splice site mutations, never(More)
This study describes how the new massive parallel sequencing technology can be implemented in a diagnostic setting for the breast cancer susceptibility genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2). The throughput was maximized by increasing uniformity in coverage, obtained by a multiplex approach, which outperformed pooling of singleplex PCRs. We evaluated the sensitivity by(More)
PAX5 is the main target of somatic mutations in acute B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). We analyzed 153 adult and child B-ALL harboring karyotypic abnormalities at chromosome 9p, to determine the frequency and the nature of PAX5 alterations. We found PAX5 internal rearrangements in 21% of the cases. To isolate fusion partners, we used classical and(More)
BACKGROUND High-resolution melting is an emerging technique for detection of nucleic acid sequence variations. Developments in instrumentation and saturating intercalating dyes have made accurate high-resolution melting analysis possible and created opportunities to use this technology in diagnostic settings. We evaluated 2 high-resolution melting(More)
The known breast cancer susceptibility polymorphisms in FGFR2, TNRC9/TOX3, MAP3K1, LSP1, and 2q35 confer increased risks of breast cancer for BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation carriers. We evaluated the associations of 3 additional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs4973768 in SLC4A7/NEK10, rs6504950 in STXBP4/COX11, and rs10941679 at 5p12, and reanalyzed the(More)
Various types of mutations exist that exert an effect on the normal function of a gene. Among these, exon/gene deletions often remain unnoticed in initial mutation screening. Until recently, no fast and efficient methods were available to detect this type of mutation. Molecular detection methods for gene copy number changes included Southern blot (SB) and(More)
Complex chromosomal aberrations (CCAs) can be detected in a substantial proportion of AML and MDS patients, de novo as well as secondary or therapy-related, and are associated with an adverse prognosis. Comprehensive analysis of the chromosomal rearrangements in these complex karyotypes has been hampered by the limitations of conventional cytogenetics. As a(More)