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We have previously reported that the expression of the ColCAT3.6 transgene containing 3.5 kilobases (kb) of alpha 1(I) collagen (COL1A1) promoter sequence fused to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene paralleled the expression of the endogenous gene in several connective tissues. We report here that the activity of the reporter gene in(More)
Cells from transgenic mice expressing a human mini-gene for collagen I were used as markers to follow the fate of mesenchymal precursor cells from marrow that were partially enriched by adherence to plastic, expanded in culture, and then injected into irradiated mice. Sensitive PCR assays for the marker collagen I gene indicated that few of the donor cells(More)
For diagnosis of many genetic disorders where the nature of the DNA alteration is known, it is quite enough to determine which nucleotide (normal or substituted) is present in certain site of the gene. I describe here simple and fast technique for detection of single nucleotide in certain position of genomic DNA which may be adopted to any genetic disease(More)
Recently two techniques have been reported which use arbitrarily primed RT-PCR amplification of cDNA fragments from subsets of mRNAs to detect cDNA fragments from differentially expressed mRNAs. Here we report a simple and rapid PCR-based protocol to both detect and isolate cDNA fragments of up to 3000 base pairs from differentially expressed genes in two(More)
Phenotype variability and incomplete penetrance are frequently observed in human monogenic diseases such as osteogenesis imperfecta. Here an inbred strain of transgenic mice expressing an internally deleted gene for the pro alpha 1(I) chain of type I procollagen (COL1A1) was bred to wild type mice of the same strain so that the inheritance of a fracture(More)
A series of antisense oligonucleotides were developed to inhibit specifically expression of a mutated exogenous gene for collagen without inhibiting expression of an endogenous gene for the same protein. The test system consisted of mouse NIH 3T3 cells that were stably transfected with an internally deleted construct of the human gene for the pro alpha 1(I)(More)
A mini-gene version of the human gene for a pro-alpha 1(I) chain of type I procollagen (COL1A1) was prepared that contained -2.5 kilobases of the promoter region and the 5'- and 3'-ends of the gene but lacked a large central region containing 41 exons. The construct was modeled after a sporadic in-frame deletion of the human gene that produced a lethal(More)
Inconsistent data have been reported on the size of the promoter that is necessary for high levels of tissue-specific expression of the COL1A1 gene for type I procollagen. Some of the inconsistencies may be traced to the use of reporter gene constructs. Therefore, we prepared transgenic mice with modifications of the intact gene engineered so that the level(More)
A highly efficient method for cyanogen bromide (CNBr)-mapping of collagen peptides is described. This method was developed based on polypeptide cleavage by CNBr within gel slices according to Barsh et al. [1981) Collagen Relat. Res. 1, 543-548). The proposed method has the following advantages: (i) Analysis of both radiolabeled and unlabeled collagens is(More)
OBJECTIVE To use a recently developed procedure for analysis of blood leukocyte DNA to detect mutations in the gene for type II procollagen (COL2A1) in patients with cartilage diseases ranging from early-onset familial osteoarthritis (OA) to lethal chondrodysplasias. METHODS The technique of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis was used to scan(More)