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Two metacercariae of Haplorchoides, recorded in the fingerlings of over a dozen species of freshwater fishes, are described and illustrated. Ovigerous flukes were recovered from older specimens of two species of fishes procured from the same locality. Comparison of taxonomic characters of the juveniles and adults suggests that they are conspecific. The(More)
BACKGROUND Women make up more than 50% of adults living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in sub-Saharan Africa. Thus, female-initiated HIV prevention methods are urgently needed. METHODS We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of cellulose sulfate, an HIV-entry(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) therapy by UK healthcare professionals involved in the care of pregnant women, and to identify key predictors of use. DESIGN A prospective survey. SETTING Maternity services in Grampian, North East Scotland. SAMPLE All healthcare professionals(More)
A language independent stemmer has always been looked for. Single N-gram tokenization technique works well, however, it often generates stems that start with intermediate characters, rather than initial ones. We present a novel technique that takes the concept of N-gram stemming one step ahead and compare our method with an established algorithm in the(More)