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An optimized clinical functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) protocol with a total scanning time of 8 min is presented that localizes Broca's and Wernicke's areas robustly and determines hemispheric dominance. Language function was visualized using two different sentence generation (SG) and word generation (WG) tasks. Block designed blood oxygenation(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Our purpose was to specify the most severely affected brain structures in early treated phenylketonuria regarding volume loss and establish possible correlations between volume loss and plasma levels of phenylalanine (Phe). METHODS In 31 patients with early treated phenylketonuria and in 27 healthy volunteers, we acquired volumetric(More)
To assess whether quantitative measuring methods can help improve the reliability of MRI-based evaluations of the pathological role of a neurovascular conflict between an artery and the trigeminal nerve. In a prospective study, magnetic resonance images were obtained from 62 patients with unilateral facial pain and 50 healthy test subjects. In coronal T1-(More)
OBJECTIVE Most so-called idiopathic trigeminal neuralgias (TN) are caused by neurovascular compression. Does the size of the cerebellopontine cistern play a role in favoring a neurovascular conflict? The aim of this prospective study was to measure the volume of the parapontine cistern in patients with idiopathic TN and to perform a comparison with healthy(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to assess whether MRI has a prognostic value at an early stage of Bell's palsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS Prospective, blinded study on 30 patients suffering from Bell's palsy, who came to hospital until the sixth day of illness, to receive high doses steroid therapy. MRI was done on the first day of inpatient treatment as a(More)
We studied the trigeminal nerve in seven healthy volunteers and six patients with trigeminal neuralgia using the diffusion tensor imaging derived parameter fractional anisotropy (FA). While controls did not show a difference between both sides, there was a reduction of FA in the affected nerve in three of six patients with accompanying nerve-vessel conflict(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In patients with perimesencephalic subarachnoid hemorrhage (pSAH) DSA is recommended to exclude aneurysms to due false negative findings in CT-angiography. However, whether a second DSA is indicated during the clinical course to exclude--in addition to aneurysms--fistulas, too, is still under debate. We aimed to evaluate the benefit(More)
A 49-year-old man on anticoagulation treatment with phenprocoumon presented with acute right sided 7th and 8th cranial nerve palsy, acute hearing loss, headache, vertigo, and vomiting. CT and MRI revealed a cerebellopontine angle tumor 15mm in diameter and acute intratumoral hematoma. A cellular schwannoma composed predominantly of Antoni A tissue with(More)
A clinical functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) protocol based on a fully automated tactile stimulation was optimized in 10 right-handed volunteers at 1.5 T for minimum scan time, high BOLD-signals and robust localization of the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) by systematically varying the applied block design. All volunteers had six different(More)