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BACKGROUND Subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) of patients with PD allows reduction of antiparkinsonian medication but has only a mild direct effect on dyskinesia. Since antiparkinsonian medication has short- and long-term effects that may prevent an estimate of the maximal possible impact of STN DBS, such medication was used at the(More)
Our objective was to elaborate a functional map of the globus pallidus by correlating the intrapallidal localization of quadripolar electrodes implanted in parkinsonian patients with the clinical effect of the stimulation of each contact. Five patients with L-DOPA-responsive Parkinson's disease presenting severe motor fluctuations and L-DOPA-induced(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of high frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) on axial symptoms occurring in advanced stages of Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS The efficacy of STN stimulation on total motor disability score (unified Parkinson's disease rating scale (UPDRS) part III) were evaluated in 10 patients with severe Parkinson's(More)
OBJECT Several methods are used for stereotactically guided implantation of electrodes into the subthalamic nucleus (STN) for continuous high-frequency stimulation in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). The authors present a stereotactic magnetic resonance (MR) method relying on three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted images for surgical planning and(More)
There has been renewed interest in functional surgery as treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). Although pallidotomy and chronic pallidal stimulation are highly effective in suppressing levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID), both methods also seem to be effective in reducing parkinsonian disability. However, the simultaneous improvement of LID and motor signs(More)
Recent studies in the monkey suggest that the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is involved in control of eye movement, yet its functional significance in humans is unknown. Saccadic eye movements were studied in eight parkinsonian patients treated by bilateral electrical stimulation of the STN. STN stimulation improved the accuracy of memory guided saccades but(More)
The authors report a patient with advanced PD, successfully treated by bilateral stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus, who developed acute transient aggressive behavior during intraoperative electrical test stimulation. The electrode responsible for this abnormal behavior was located within the lateral part of the posteromedial hypothalamic region(More)
High-frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) was used to investigate the relationship of sleep disorders with motor handicap in PD. In 10 insomniac patients with PD, stimulation reduced nighttime akinesia by 60% and completely suppressed axial and early morning dystonia, but did not alleviate periodic leg movements (n = 3) or REM sleep(More)
Dyskinesia is a frequent and disabling side effect in patients with Parkinson's disease treated with chronic dopa-therapy. Preclinical data in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6,-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) monkey suggest that alpha-2 antagonists may reduce dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA)-induced dyskinesia. We assessed, in a pilot randomised placebo-controlled(More)
Levodopa-induced dyskinesias (LIDs) in patients with Parkinson's disease are considered to result from the severity of dopaminergic denervation in the striatum, which is an irrevocable phenomenon, and sensitization induced by long-term intermittent administration of levodopa. Taking advantage of the 64% reduction of levodopa treatment allowed in 12(More)