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OBJECTIVE This article reports on a prevalence study of dementia and Alzheimer's disease among two groups of subjects with the same ethnic background but widely differing environments. METHOD The study was conducted among residents aged 65 years and older in two communities: Yorubas (N = 2,494) living in Ibadan, Nigeria, and African Americans (N = 2,212(More)
A door-to-door survey of Parkinson's disease (PD) in Copiah County, Mississippi, using a pretested screening procedure (with a high sensitivity for detecting PD), followed by examination of all positives by a senior neurologist, revealed similar prevalence ratios for blacks and whites. The same procedure was applied in the community of Igbo-Ora, Nigeria, a(More)
In a Nigerian town with a stable population of 20,000, a door-to-door survey was conducted, using a questionnaire involving a complete census and a simple neurological evaluation which had previously showed a 95% sensitivity and an 80% specificity for detecting neurological disease. Positive responders were evaluated and categorised, using agreed criteria(More)
1. Epilepsy, a common chronic neurological disorder, constitutes an important medical problem especially as in the developing countries there is a great dearth and shortage of health personnel, especially trained ones, in clinical neurosciences. The prevalence of epilepsy in developing countries is probably higher than in the Caucasians although accurate(More)
As part of a community-based study of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) in a Nigerian population aged 65 years and over, we have determined apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes on 56 subjects (39 controls and 17 subjects with dementia, including 12 with AD). The epsilon 4 allele of APOE was not associated with AD or dementia in this community-based sample. The epsilon(More)
We confirmed the occurrence of endemic tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) in the Seychelles. Most patients (14/21) were low-income black women. Mean age at onset was 42.8 years (range, 20 to 65). In 62%, onset and progression were slow. Complete paralysis developed in 8/21 (38%) after an evolution of 2 to 15 years. All patients had bilateral pyramidal(More)
Cognitive function was assessed in 930 elderly Nigerians living in an urban community by trained medical students who were blinded to the educational status of the subjects. They used a pretested and validated questionnaire. The subjects were later evaluated for the presence of dementia according to DSM-IIIR criteria by neurologists who then determined the(More)
We carried out an autopsy survey on 198 brains of Nigerians aged 40 years and above to determine the occurrence of (neuropathognomonic) changes of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in our elderly patients. Forty five patients (23%) were above 65 years of age. Appropriately stained histological sections of various parts of the brains showed mild cortical neuronal(More)
Assessment of nutritional status of vitamin B components by plasma or blood levels indicated riboflavin deficiency and possibly thiamine deficiency in Nigerian patients who suffered from tropical ataxic neuropathy and neurologically normal Nigerians who subsisted on predominant cassava diet. Serum levels of folate, niacin, pyridoxine and panthothenic acid(More)