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BACKGROUND One-third of injured patients treated in the emergency department (ED) have an alcohol use disorder (AUD). Few are screened and receive counseling because ED staff have little time for additional tasks. We hypothesized that computer technology can screen and provide an intervention that reduces at-risk drinking (British Medical Association(More)
OBJECTIVE The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) has been recommended as a screening tool to detect patients who are appropriate candidates for brief, preventive alcohol interventions. Lower AUDIT cutoff scores have been proposed for women; however, the appropriate value remains unknown. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND The concept of sense of coherence (SOC) measures the extent to which people are able to cope with stressful life events. Since excessive alcohol consumption may be, in part, the result of failed coping strategies, further investigations between hazardous alcohol consumption and SOC are necessary. METHODS Survey in an Emergency Department in an(More)
AIMS Little is known about long-term stability of clotting factors in dissolved human lyophilised plasma. This study evaluated clotting factor and inhibitor activity in reconstituted lyophilised plasma after storage for up to 6 days at 4 degrees C. METHODS Five samples from different lots of pooled lyophilised plasma (LyoPlas; German Red Cross Blood(More)
Alcohol use disorder patients have a five-fold higher risk of postoperative bleeding complications. We measured the perioperative von Willebrand factor and factor VIII levels in consecutive patients with alcohol use disorder. In one university hospital, 105 patients scheduled for arthroplasty were screened, and 25 fulfilled inclusion criteria.(More)
OBJECTIVE A chronic alcoholic group following trauma was investigated to determine whether their ICU stay was longer than that of a non-alcoholic group and whether their intercurrent complication rate was increased. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING An intensive care unit. PATIENTS A total of 102 polytraumatized patients were transferred to the ICU(More)
BACKGROUND There is little knowledge as to whether the chronicity of a disease affects patients' desire for participation. AIM To study whether participation preferences vary according to the type of disease. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Data of 1,393 patients from six trials with different medical conditions (hypertension, depression, breast cancer,(More)
Objectives: Emergency department (ED) patients show high smoking rates. We investigated the effects of ED-initiated tobacco control (ETC) on the 7-days abstinence at 12 months. Methods: Randomised-controlled intention-to-treat trial (Trials Registry no.: ISRCTN41527831) in 1,044 patients in an urban ED. ETC consisted of on-site counselling plus up to 4(More)
OBJECTIVE Due to a lack of valid German instruments measuring shared decision-making (SDM), a theory-driven questionnaire (SDM-Q) to measure the process of SDM was developed and validated. METHODS As a theoretical basis steps of the SDM process were defined in an expert panel. Item formulation was then conducted according to the Delphi method. For the(More)
Telomere length (TL) is considered a marker of biological aging and has been associated with the presence of various coronary risk factors in patients. Much less is known about the relationships between TL and classic coronary risk factors in other populations. We measured TL in peripheral blood leukocytes of 343 middle-aged blood donors (mean age 40.2 ±(More)