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BACKGROUND One-third of injured patients treated in the emergency department (ED) have an alcohol use disorder (AUD). Few are screened and receive counseling because ED staff have little time for additional tasks. We hypothesized that computer technology can screen and provide an intervention that reduces at-risk drinking (British Medical Association(More)
The purpose of this guideline is to present evidence-based and consensus-based recommendations for the prevention and treatment of postoperative delirium. The cornerstones of the guideline are the preoperative identification and handling of patients at risk, adequate intraoperative care, postoperative detection of delirium and management of delirious(More)
OBJECTIVE The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) has been recommended as a screening tool to detect patients who are appropriate candidates for brief, preventive alcohol interventions. Lower AUDIT cutoff scores have been proposed for women; however, the appropriate value remains unknown. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND QWALYS 2 is a fully automated system for ABO/D grouping, Rh phenotyping, K typing, and antibody screening (ABS). Its new erythrocyte-magnetized technology (EMT) is based on the use of magnetic nanoparticles and avoids centrifugation and washing steps. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Overall 499 blood samples were tested with our routine blood bank(More)
BACKGROUND The concept of sense of coherence (SOC) measures the extent to which people are able to cope with stressful life events. Since excessive alcohol consumption may be, in part, the result of failed coping strategies, further investigations between hazardous alcohol consumption and SOC are necessary. METHODS Survey in an Emergency Department in an(More)
BACKGROUND There is little knowledge as to whether the chronicity of a disease affects patients' desire for participation. AIM To study whether participation preferences vary according to the type of disease. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Data of 1,393 patients from six trials with different medical conditions (hypertension, depression, breast cancer,(More)
AIMS Little is known about long-term stability of clotting factors in dissolved human lyophilised plasma. This study evaluated clotting factor and inhibitor activity in reconstituted lyophilised plasma after storage for up to 6 days at 4 degrees C. METHODS Five samples from different lots of pooled lyophilised plasma (LyoPlas; German Red Cross Blood(More)
Alcohol use disorder patients have a five-fold higher risk of postoperative bleeding complications. We measured the perioperative von Willebrand factor and factor VIII levels in consecutive patients with alcohol use disorder. In one university hospital, 105 patients scheduled for arthroplasty were screened, and 25 fulfilled inclusion criteria.(More)
OBJECTIVE Due to a lack of valid German instruments measuring shared decision-making (SDM), a theory-driven questionnaire (SDM-Q) to measure the process of SDM was developed and validated. METHODS As a theoretical basis steps of the SDM process were defined in an expert panel. Item formulation was then conducted according to the Delphi method. For the(More)
PURPOSE Smoking is an established risk factor for the development of age-related maculopathy (ARM), and its end stage, age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We evaluated the benefit of various smoking-related variables in modeling the association of smoking with ARM and AMD in a mixed sample of current, former, and never smokers. METHODS This was a(More)