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Films of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) grown by thermal chemical vapor deposition were studied using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). We assessed the extent of alignment of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by examining relative SAXS intensities as a function of azimuthal angle. We also identified features in the SAXS patterns that correspond well to CNT(More)
SYNOPSIS We use a new extensional rheology test fixture that has been developed for conventional torsional rheometers to measure the transient extensional stress growth in a number of different molten polyethylene samples including a linear low density polyethylene (Dow Affinity PL 1880), a low density polyethylene (Lupolen 1840H) and an ultrahigh molecular(More)
Layer-by-layer assembly is a powerful and flexible thin film process that has successfully reproduced biomimetic photonic systems such as structural colour. While most of the seminal work has been carried out using slow and ultimately unscalable immersion assembly, recent developments using spray layer-by-layer assembly provide a platform for addressing(More)
We used small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) to quantitatively characterize the morphological characteristics of pristine and mechanically manipulated multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) films. We determined that CNT diameters measured near the edges of a film were smaller compared to those measured in the interior. Uniaxially compressed MWCNT films exhibited(More)
ÐBy studying the periodic drawings of the Dutch Artist M.C. Escher, we ®nd that the simplest group of the seventeen wallpaper group, P1, can be `visualized' in the upper halfplane as a symmetrical tessellation with self-similar properties. Iterative mappings are constructed and an algorithm is presented to automatically generate coloured patterns with this(More)