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The sea urchin sperm-specific histones H1 and H2B are multiply phosphorylated in spermatids, dephosphorylated in the final stages of spermatogenesis to give mature sperm, and rephosphorylated upon fertilization. Phosphorylation in spermatids, and probably at fertilization, occurs at repeated -Ser-Pro-X-Basic-motifs in the distinctive N-terminal basic(More)
Gene targeting allows mutations to be introduced selectively into any mouse locus of interest. This approach has already been used to demonstrate that insulin-like growth factor (IGF) peptides and receptors are required in vivo for normal prenatal growth. One of the IGFBP genes, IGFBP-2, has also been disrupted using gene targeting, and homozgyous null BP-2(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), when isolated from serum or tissue fluids, are usually found as part of a protein complex which also contains one of several IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs). Although some IGFBPs have been shown to alter interactions of IGFs with their receptors in vitro and can modify the responses of cultured cells to exogenous IGFs, the(More)
Avidin molecules in which a fraction of the four binding sites were occupiea by biotin did not dissociate completely in 6.4M-guanidinium chloride. Only unoccupied subunits dissociated. The remainder recombined to form the tetrameric avidin-biotin complex. The rate at which unoccupied subunits were unfolded and dissociated was only decreased by one-half in(More)
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