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It has been recently shown that severe depression is characterized by immune dysfunctions such as blunted mitogen-induced blast transformation, which is linked to interleukin-2 (IL-2) mechanisms, and to autoimmune responses. In order to explore one of the putative pathophysiological mechanisms underlying both factors, we have measured the predexamethasone(More)
Recently, it has been shown that higher plasma serine concentrations are a possible biological marker for psychoses including schizophrenia. The present study was carried out in order to investigate plasma serine levels in 123 depressed subjects (41 minor; 47 simple major; 35 melancholic depressives) and 50 normal controls. It was found that plasma serine(More)
Several studies have reported a suppressed immune function (e.g. blast transformation) during depression. In an attempt to define the cellular basis of the reported immune disorders, the present study investigates the leukocyte cell subset profile of minor, simple major, and melancholic depressives, versus normal controls. We have counted the number of(More)
This study investigates the relationships between cortisol escape from suppression by dexamethasone during a depressive episode, and the baseline activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, circulating dexamethasone levels, and age. To this end, we measured urinary-free cortisol (UFC) excretion in 24-hr urine samples and the 8 AM cortisol and(More)
Some groups have recently reported higher titers of autoantibodies in depressed subjects than in normal controls. The present study investigates whether depressed patients exhibit increased antiphospholipid antibody titers compared with normal controls. The authors measured the binding index (BI) of antiphosphatidylserine (APSA), antipartial thromboplastin(More)
Several authors have shown that the availability of L-tryptophan (L-TRP) in the serum is lower in patients with major depression than in controls. It has recently been reported that the administration of a dose of dexamethasone sufficient to cause cortisol suppression also caused significant decrements in the availability of L-TRP. In order to elucidate the(More)
Formation in the brain of serotonin from L-tryptophan (L-TRP) and noradrenaline from tyrosine are pathways related to the pathophysiology of major depression and to the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. In the past, decrements in L-TRP availability and disorders in the HPA axis have repeatedly been observed in major depressed(More)
To investigate the relationships between the immune apparatus, major depression, and HPA-axis and noradrenergic activity, the authors measured the lymphocyte stimulation responses to the mitogens phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), pokeweed mitogen (PWM) and concanavalin A (CON A), post-dexamethasone cortisol (DST) values and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG)(More)
1. Like other authors we have established disturbances in central serotonergic neurotransmission in severely depressed patients by implementing hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA)-axis hormones and prolactin responses to serotonin agonists or precursors. 2. Challenge probes with D,L fenfluramine have yielded controversial results. This substance, however,(More)