B.Matija Peterlin

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BACKGROUND The negative factor (Nef) of human and simian immunodeficiency viruses (HIV-1, HIV-2 and SIV) is required for high levels of viremia and progression to AIDS. Additionally, Nef leads to cellular activation, increased viral infectivity and decreased expression of CD4 on the cell surface. Previously, we and others demonstrated that Nef associates(More)
BACKGROUND The primate lentiviruses, human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 (HIV-1 and HIV-2) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), encode a conserved accessory gene product, Nef. In vivo, Nef is important for the maintenance of high virus loads and progression to AIDS in SIV-infected adult rhesus macaques. In tissue culture cells expressing Nef,(More)
Lipid rafts, also known as detergent-resistant membranes (DRM), are microdomains in the plasma membrane enriched in sphingolipids and cholesterol (reviewed in [1, 2]). Human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV) buds via lipid rafts [3, 4]. However, the targeting of viral structural components to DRM and its consequences for viral replication are not understood.(More)
Acidic or type IIB transcriptional activation domains (AADs) increase rates of initiation as well as elongation of transcription. For the former effects, AADs bind general transcription factors and larger coactivator complexes, which position RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) at sites of initiation of transcription. For the latter effects, their ubiquitylation(More)
In the infected host, the Nef protein of HIV/SIV is required for high viral loads and thus disease progression. Recent evidence indicates that Nef enhances replication in the T cell compartment after the virus is transmitted from dendritic cells (DC). The underlying mechanism, however, is not clear. Here, we report that a natural variability in the(More)
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