Learn More
Unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) causes encephalopathy in severely jaundiced neonates by damaging astrocytes and neurons. Astrocytes, which help defend the brain against cytotoxic insults, express the ATP-dependent transporter, multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (Mrp1), which mediates export of organic anions, probably including UCB. We therefore studied(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) exert via glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects. Emerging evidence indicates that an inflammatory process is involved in dopaminergic nigro-striatal neuronal loss in Parkinson's disease. We here report that the GR deficiency of transgenic (Tg) mice expressing GR antisense RNA from early(More)
A sustained inflammatory reaction is present in acute (e.g. stroke) and chronic (e.g. Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis) neurodegenerative disorders. Inflammation, which is fostered by both residential glial cells and blood-circulating cells that infiltrate the diseased brain, probably starts as a time- and site-specific(More)
The presence of specific LHRH-binding sites within the rat thymus gland and the ability of LHRH and its agonistic and antagonistic analogs to directly modulate thymus function prompted us to study the possible changes in the number of thymic LHRH-binding sites during aging-induced physiological immunosenescence. Moreover, the effects of chronic treatment of(More)
Emerging evidence points to reactive glia as a pivotal factor in Parkinson's disease (PD) and 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-lesioned mouse model of basal ganglia injury, but whether astrocytes and microglia activation may exacerbate dopaminergic (DAergic) neuron demise and/or contribute to DAergic repair is presently the subject of(More)
Post-menopausal estrogen deficiency is recognized to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of a number of age-related diseases in women, such as osteoporosis, coronary heart disease and Alzheimer's disease. There are also sexual differences in the progression of diseases associated with the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system, such as Parkinson's disease, a(More)
BACKGROUND Dopamine-synthesizing (dopaminergic, DA) neurons in the ventral midbrain (VM) constitute a pivotal neuronal population controlling motor behaviors, cognitive and affective brain functions, which generation critically relies on the activation of Wingless-type MMTV integration site (Wnt)/β-catenin pathway in their progenitors. In Parkinson's(More)
The present study was designed to explore the effects of LHRH and its agonists on immune system function. As a first step, to identify a putative site of action, the very potent and stable LHRH agonist (LHRH-A), [D-Ser(TBU6)] des-Gly10-LHRH ethylamide (buserelin), was used as an iodinated ligand to characterize LHRH receptors in a membrane preparation of(More)
In the present study, we have characterized the beta 2-adrenergic receptor (beta 2-AR)-adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) system of the rat thymus gland and examined the hormonal regulation of the thymic beta 2-AR gene expression under physiological or pharmacological conditions accompanied by marked alterations of the sex steroid hormone milieu.(More)
Hypophyseal and ovarian receptors for the neurohormone LHRH (LHRH-R) have been measured in young (3-4 months), middle-aged (8-11 months), constant estrous (CE, 10-14 months) and pseudopregnant (PR, 16-18 months) rats in order to study whether changes in hypothalamic and/or peripheral LHRH-like peptide production might precede and/or accompany the onset of(More)